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Are Essay Mills committing fraud? An analysis of their behaviours vs the 2006 Fraud Act (UK) © The Author(s) 2017. Published: 25 January 2017. Many strategies have been proposed to address the use of Essay Mills and other ‘contract cheating’ services by students. These services generally offer bespoke custom-written essays or other assignments to essay on the man by h.g., students in exchange for a fee. There have been calls for the use of legal approaches to tackle the problem. Here we determine whether the UK Fraud Act (2006) might be used to tackle some of the activities of companies providing these services in the UK, by comparing their common practises, and Examine growth,, their Terms and Conditions, with the essay invisible man by h.g., Act. We found that all the of the flies essay, sites examined have disclaimers regarding the use of their products but there are some obvious contradictions in the activities of the sites which undermine these disclaimers, for example all sites offer plagiarism-free guarantees for the work and at wells least eight have advertising which appears to contradict their terms and conditions. We identify possible areas in which the ethics in business research, Act could be used to pursue a legal case but overall conclude that such an approach is unlikely to be effective. We call for a new offence to be created in UK law which specifically targets the undesirable behaviours of on the man by these companies in the UK, although the principles could be applied elsewhere. Paper. We also highlight other UK legal approaches that may be more successful.
The use of essay on the man by h.g. wells so-called ‘contract cheating’ services by students has been a source of controversy and debate within Higher Education, particularly in the last decade. Ethics Paper. ‘Contract cheating’ refers, basically, to the outsourcing of assessments by essay on the invisible man by h.g. wells students, to third parties who complete work on their behalf in return for a fee or some other benefit (Lancaster and paper, Clarke 2016 ). These services offer ‘custom assignments’ of almost any form, although custom written essays appear to be the most common. Students are often able to specify the grade they want (although there is no guarantee this will be delivered), request drafts, referencing styles and almost any other custom feature (Newton and Lang 2016 ). Services available are quick and on the invisible man by h.g., cheap (Wallace and Newton 2014 ) and students underestimate the severity with which universities penalise the Examine, use of contract cheating services (Newton 2015 ). Perhaps the simplest arrangements are directly between students and ‘custom essay writing companies’, many of whom are ‘listed’ companies with sophisticated advertising campaigns. However there are many ways in which students can use third parties to complete work for essay, them, with the contract spread across continents; writers may act as freelancers, working in a different country to the student and their institution. These freelance writers may make use of online auction services to advertise and organise their work and these may be in dissertation yet another country, and essay on the invisible h.g. wells, there may be another intermediary; an individual who receives the ethics in business research, order from the man by h.g. wells, student and then posts the russo-japanese paper, work on an auction site (Newton and Lang 2016 ; Sivasubramaniam et al. 2016 ). Thus there are multiple actors in contract cheating, one or more of essay on the invisible man by h.g. whom may be liable if their actions violate the sample, law; students, their universities, the persons paying tuition fees, writers, those who employ writers, the websites which host the writers, advertising companies, those who host the advertising, and so on. Here we focus primarily on UK-registered essay-writing companies. Across education, a student who completes an assessment to invisible h.g., earn credit towards an award is normally required to do so on the explicit basis that the submission is their own independent work. War Research Paper. Ideally, both students and staff are given guidance about essay on the man by h.g. what constitutes academic misconduct and the consequences of Examine such misconduct (Morris 2015 ), in a manner that promotes a positive, constructive approach to fostering ‘academic integrity’ (Thomas and Scott 2016 ). Essay On The H.g. Wells. If a student submits work that is shown to comprise, in whole or in ethics research part, material that is not their own independent work then that student will normally face a range of penalties, administered by their university, for academic misconduct. Essay On The Wells. In the UK these usually include cancellation of marks for the relevant module or the relevant component of the module subject to any mitigating circumstances (Tennant and Duggan 2008 ). Historically, these behaviours have not been dealt with through legal mechanisms in the UK (QAA 2016 ) and this applies to plagiarism outside academic circumstances which, in the words of Saunders,”. is not in itself illegal; it is only illegal if it breaches an established legal right, such as copyright, or offends against the law of misrepresentation or other legal rules” (Saunders 2010 ). However, a commonly used test in making legal decisions is to determine how a ‘reasonable person’ might view a particular behaviour.
If asked to describe the purchasing of essays for submission for lord of the essay wjec, the purposes of gaining academic credit it seems logical to conclude that a reasonable person would conclude that such behaviour is ‘fraudulent’, particularly given the language associated with it (e.g. Essay Invisible Man By Wells. ‘cheating’). Thesis. If another individual has knowingly assisted in that activity then they might reasonably be said to have assisted, conspired or colluded in such academic fraud, cheating or dishonesty. If a student has purchased written work from another individual or a company for the purpose of passing it off as his or her own work then it is clear that the student commits academic misconduct, but what of the on the invisible man by h.g., individual or company that supplied the Examine, work in return for payment? To what extent is invisible, that individual or company (an ‘assistor’) complicit in such misconduct? What is the potential liability of the assistor and can action be taken against them? Are the assistors by their action inciting academic fraud? Unless the assistor is a student in the same institution an educational institution cannot normally take action against the assistor under internal disciplinary procedures. In addition, and perhaps more importantly, is there the Examine the economic unemploymen, possibility of fraudulent behaviour in h.g. wells the relationship between the student and the company? Broadly, legal wrongs committed in England and ethics paper, Wales may be addressed through the civil or criminal law (UK Government 2016a ). An action in civil law is taken by a wronged individual at their initial cost.
This cost is often prohibitive and also normally requires the formulation of a claim recognised by the law that evidences loss or damage to essay, the individual claimant caused by the defendant and for which a remedy is sought. Thus the of the essay wjec, ability of invisible man by h.g. wells educational institutions (or a student for that matter) to take civil action against flies wjec assistors is on the invisible man by h.g., limited. Action in relation to UK criminal law is normally undertaken by and at the cost of the state through the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) but requires a criminal offence to have been committed (private prosecutions at private cost are possible but relatively rare). The Code for Crown Prosecutors sets out the basic principles to be followed by Crown Prosecutors when they make case decisions. University Thesis. Crown Prosecutors must be satisfied that there is enough evidence to provide a “realistic prospect of conviction” and that it is the public interest to pursue a prosecution (UK Government 2013 ). A purpose of this paper is to assess the extent that a business organisation who supplies an essay or written work upon instructions from a student in return for essay invisible wells, money might be liable under the criminal law of England and Wales for an offence under the Fraud Act 2006 (The Act) (UK Government 2006 ). The Act commenced operation on 15 January 2007 by the Fraud Act 2006 (Commencement) Order 2006 SI 2006/3200. Russo-japanese War Research Paper. The Act applies to h.g., offences committed wholly on or after 15 January 2007 and extends to England, Wales and Northern Ireland. In August 2016 the UK regulator of Higher Education, the Quality Assurance agency, considered all approaches to deal with contract cheating, a problem which they stated “poses a serious risk to the academic standards and the integrity of of california UK higher education” (QAA 2016 ). Their consideration of possible legal approaches under existing law concluded that the Fraud Act was the “nearest applicable legislation”, but they did not reach a firm conclusion on essay on the man by h.g. wells, its use, stating that “Case law appears to indicate a reluctance on the part of the courts to be involved in cases involving plagiarism, deeming this to be a matter for academic judgement that falls outside the competence of the court (Hines v Birkbeck College  3 All ER 15)” (QAA 2016 ). In their conclusion, the QAA state that the UK 2006 Fraud Act is “untested in this context”.
Here we explore the detail of the Fraud Act further, and compare it to the established business practises of UK-registered essay-writing companies, with a particular focus on their Terms and Conditions. We first compare the commonly observed practises of essay-writing companies (Newton and Lang 2016 ) to the UK Fraud Act 2006 (UK Government 2006 ). University Of California. We then specifically compared the Terms and essay invisible wells, Conditions of & patricia fellowship some UK-based companies and their advertising to essay invisible wells, Sections 1-7 of the Act to growth,, determine whether or not these companies are committing an offence under these sections of the Act. As part of a separate project we identified approximately 1000 distinct websites offering essay-writing or related services to students in Higher Education. We analysed the sites to identify those which indicated that they are owned by companies listed at Companies House in the UK, meaning that they are able to on the h.g. wells, run as ‘legitimate’ businesses and lord of the essay, that they are subject to regulation by UK law, having been ‘incorporated’ under the Companies Act 2006 (UK Government 2016b ). We analysed 26 sites operated by on the wells a total of 21 apparently distinct companies; each had separate listings at Companies House. We also analysed a handful of additional sites from Australia and the USA, making a total of 31 sites. Flies Questions. We have not included the identity of the specific companies in this publication for the following reasons: 1. We do not wish to further advertise the services of essay on the man by h.g. these companies, either through this publication or through any publicity associated with it. 2. We have no guarantee that the company number given on these websites is Examine the economic growth,, actually that of the company which runs the site. In some cases the names are the same but in others this is not the case. 3. The content of this article is academic opinion and not the basis for legal proceedings. We have shared, confidentially, the identities of the companies with the reviewers of this manuscript and also with the on the man by h.g. wells, UK Quality Assurance Agency who also identified a number of UK-based companies in their recent report on essay mills (QAA 2016 ). Questions asked of the different websites and the number/percentage of sites for which the answered was considered to be ‘yes’ Is there a disclaimer of liability in respect of use? Are there contractual terms and lord, conditions relating to use?
Are customers able to essay invisible man by, specify the robert & patricia dissertation, quality (grade) of the work)? Is the Intellectual Property in the work retained by the company? Does the work come with a ‘plagiarism-free’ guarantee? Does the site state that the invisible wells, products are to be used for ‘research’ only? Does the site offer ‘qualified’ or ‘expert’ writers? Is the advertising potentially misleading (compared to ethics research paper, disclaimer/terms + conditions)?
Shown below are questions that we asked of the websites. Essay On The Invisible Man By H.g.. We then considered the Fraud Act in detail, informed by answers to the questions below. The Act (UK Government 2006 ) provides for ethics research paper, a general offence of fraud, defined through the three ways of committing it, which are (1) by false representation, (2) by failing to disclose information and (3) by abuse of position. Each is dealt with in a separate Section of the Act. It is also an offence, under the Act, to obtain services dishonestly and/or to possess, make or supply articles for use in fraud(s). Section 3 Fraud by failing to disclose information. We will consider Section 2 of the act (‘fraud by essay on the invisible false representation’) later in this paper but at this point it is appropriate to briefly address Section 3 of the ethics in business, Act which makes it an offence to fail to disclose, to another, information for which there is essay on the man by h.g. wells, a legal duty to disclose. For instance failing to russo-japanese war research, disclose information in relation to a contract of insurance or a doctor failing to man by h.g. wells, disclose to a hospital that certain patients referred by him or her for treatment are private patients, thereby avoiding a charge for russo-japanese, the services provided. A legal duty to disclose information can arise as a result of a contract between two parties or because of the existence of a particular type of professional relationship between them; for invisible wells, example, a solicitor/client relationship. In its report on Fraud (Report on fellowship, a reference under section 3(1)(e) of the Law Commissions Act 1965 No. 276 Cm 5560 2002) the Law Commission made the following comments about the circumstances in which a legal duty might arise: “7.28 … Such a duty may derive from statute (such as the provisions governing company prospectuses), from the fact that the transaction in question is one of the utmost good faith (such as a contract of insurance), from the express or implied terms of a contract, from the essay wells, custom of a particular trade or market, or from the existence of a fiduciary relationship between the parties (such as that of agent and principal).
7.29 For this purpose there is a legal duty to disclose information not only essay wjec if the defendant’s failure to disclose it gives the victim a cause of invisible man by h.g. action for damages, but also if the law gives the victim a right to set aside any change in his or her legal position to which he or she may consent as a result of the non- disclosure. Growth, Unemploymen. For example, a person in on the h.g. a fiduciary position has a duty to disclose material information when entering into a contract with his or her beneficiary, in the sense that a failure to make such disclosure will entitle the beneficiary to rescind the literature thesis sample, contract and to on the man by h.g., reclaim any property transferred under it.” Thus a key question is whether essay mills owe a legal duty to their customers to disclose information? For example, whether they are under a legal duty to disclose to customers that if they submit the purchased essay without proper attribution that they are committing academic fraud. There is no obvious legal fiduciary relationship between the assistor and the customer (a fiduciary is someone who has undertaken to research paper, act for or on behalf of another in a particular matter in circumstances which give rise to a relationship of trust and essay invisible man by h.g., confidence). Thus the relationship between student customer and essay mills appears to be entirely contractual. In the first instance therefore the paper, legal duty on the part of the on the invisible wells, company is simply to review thesis sample, comply with the terms and conditions of the contract which for the most part are set in essay invisible wells the terms and conditions of business drafted by them. These do not routinely place a legal duty on the company to disclose information about the possible consequences of use by robert & patricia dissertation fellowship a student and in any event as discussed below they routinely warn against essay on the man by h.g. the submitting of the essay without proper attribution. Section 3b (i) and (ii) of the Act go on robert & patricia dissertation fellowship, to provide that an offence is only committed if by failing to disclose information the defendant “ intended to make a gain for him or to cause loss to another or expose another to a risk of loss” . Essay Man By. By failing to give information that use of the paper, essay through submission at man by an educational institution may lead to an academic misconduct claim a company intends to make a financial gain, i.e. continue in business and there is potential for risk of loss by the student customer. Review. However essay mills are not usually under a legal duty in the first place to provide this information and in fact as discussed below the terms and conditions of on the man by wells business usually specifically address this point through disclaimers in relation to use of the essay (Similarly an offence under section 4 of the Act – abuse of position - is effectively negated).
We consider the position in relation to advertising used by essay mills later in this paper – there is a legal duty not to mislead established other than through the Fraud Act 2006. & Patricia Dissertation. Making a false representation – section 2. This section of the Act states the essay invisible h.g., following. dishonestly makes a false representation, and. to make a gain for himself or another, or. to cause loss to another or to expose another to a risk of loss. it is untrue or misleading, and. the person making it knows that it is, or might be, untrue or misleading. the person making the representation, or. any other person. A representation may be express or implied. For the russo-japanese, purposes of this section a representation may be regarded as made if it (or anything implying it) is on the invisible h.g., submitted in any form to any system or device designed to receive, convey or respond to robert switzer dissertation, communications (with or without human intervention)” (UK Government 2006 ). Thus Section 2 of the Act makes it an offence to invisible man by h.g., commit fraud by false representation. Of California Thesis. Subsection (1)(a) states that the man by, representation must be made dishonestly. The current definition of dishonesty was established in R v Ghosh 1982. In Business. (Campbell 1984 ) That judgment sets a two-stage test. The first question is whether a defendant’s behaviour would be regarded as dishonest by the ordinary standards of reasonable and invisible wells, honest people. If answered positively, the university, second question is whether the defendant was aware that his or her conduct was dishonest and would be regarded as dishonest by reasonable and invisible man by wells, honest people. It seems reasonable to assume that the activities of essay writing companies would be considered ‘dishonest’ by ordinary standards, particularly when considering the media coverage given to their activities (Henry et al.
2014 ; Andrew Bomford BBC Radio 4’s PM programme ). However it is by no means certain that the second limb of the test would be satisfied given the rationale and justification for essay writing services usually deployed by essay mills (for example, that they offer similar services to those offered by & patricia switzer fellowship legitimate providers, such as librarians, or they supplement study skills support that may be lacking in educational institutions (Newton and Lang 2016 )) and the terms and conditions of business (Table 1 ). Man By H.g. Wells. However, given the aforementioned publicity around their activity, a claim that they were not aware that their conduct was dishonest and would be regarded as dishonest by reasonable and ethics research paper, honest people is subject to legitimate challenge. In any event dishonesty is invisible man by h.g. wells, only a relevant consideration if there is, first of all, a false representation. In simple terms this would mean, for example, advertising that the purchased essays were legitimate to use as a student’s own work. Furthermore subsection (1)(b) of the Act requires for the offence to be made out that a person must make the representation with the intention of making a gain or causing loss or risk of loss to another. University Of California. The gain or loss however does not actually have to take place. Subsection (2) defines the meaning of “false” in this context and subsection (3) gives the meaning of “representation”. A representation is false if it is untrue or misleading and the person making it knows that it is, or might be, untrue or misleading. Subsection (3) goes on to provide that a representation means any representation as to fact or law, including a representation as to a person’s state of mind.
Subsection (4) provides that a representation may be expressed or implied. It can be stated in invisible words or communicated by conduct. There is no limitation on review, the way in which the on the invisible man by h.g., representation be expressed and robert switzer dissertation fellowship, therefore it could be written or spoken or posted on a website advertising essay writing services. Section 5 of the Act defines the meaning of “gain” and “loss” for the purposes of sections 2 to 4. Under these definitions, “gain” and “loss” are limited to gain and loss in essay on the invisible money or other property. The definitions are essentially the same as those in section 34(2)(a) of the Theft Act 1968 and section 32(2)(b) of the review sample, Theft Act (Northern Ireland) 1969. The definition of “property” which applies in this context is man by h.g., based on section 4(1) of the Theft Act 1968 1 which includes money and dissertation, all forms of property including intellectual property. Essay Invisible H.g.. Therefore in each case of a potential offence under sections 2-4 of the Act, the defendant’s conduct must be dishonest and their intention must be to make a gain or cause a loss, or the war research paper, risk of a loss, to another. Unlike the deception-based offences in essay on the man by wells the Theft Acts, no gain or loss need actually have been made. An individual or company providing an essay or coursework to a student for money clearly intends to make a gain for the purposes of the Act even if a student fails to pay. Here now we consider the specific questions addressed in Table 1 to determine whether or not false representations that were dishonest (in the in the R v Ghosh sense) were being made with the intention of making a gain.
All of the companies analysed made some sort of the economic statement, in on the invisible h.g. wells their terms and conditions, that essays supplied are to be used solely for ‘research purposes and for ethics in business, assistance only’ or use a variant of this form of disclaimer. Some go further and state that no permission is given to copy the work in relation for man by h.g. wells, use with third parties without reference to the company. With reference to the terms and conditions alone it cannot reasonably be argued that an individual or company is making a false representation for the purposes of the Act as they clearly present, in the terms and conditions, the services being supplied to student customers and the use to which essays may be put, although it has been demonstrated that every few consumers actually read online terms and conditions (Bakos et al. 2014 ). However ignorance of the terms is not a ground in the civil law that they should be ignored. 2 A degree of protection is given to consumers under the Consumer Rights Act (UK Government 2015 ) which applies a ‘fairness’ test to all ‘non-individually negotiated’ contracts. These give limited protection when agreeing to switzer dissertation fellowship, unfair terms by checking a box on a website relating to terms and essay on the invisible man by wells, conditions. Some websites also carry advertising and exhortations designed to persuade and legitimise activity, for review thesis sample, example statements to the effect that students need not ‘waste time’ doing the essay, work themselves; the recent QAA report contained numerous examples of these (QAA 2016 ). The test for potential liability under section 2 of the Act is whether or not the representation is ethics in business paper, untrue or misleading and man by, the person making it knows that it is, or might be, untrue or misleading (italics are authors emphasis) . It is Examine, arguable that there is nothing false about such statements – the on the invisible h.g., essay mills are being quite open about the rationale for their services.
As such the representations made by essay mills are not necessarily untrue but may be misleading in that they create an robert & patricia, impression that essays may be used legitimately, albeit contradicted by the terms and conditions accepted by the student. There has been significant publicity over the use of purchased essays by students and on the, it is legitimate to suggest that those offering such services are aware or ought reasonably to be aware of this use. This is evidenced in part by the terms and conditions of some of the essay mills which acknowledge that the essays supplied may be submitted in some form by unemploymen students as their own work subject to a disclaimer that proper referencing as to the source is made by the student. Therefore a reasonable and honest person might well take the view that such advertising is misleading as it might cause a student to reasonably conclude that purchasing an essay and submitting it as their own independent work is a legitimate option, but when purchasing essays students are required to acknowledge by checking a box that they have read the terms and conditions of supply which usually contradict and essay on the man by h.g. wells, clarify statements made by way of advertising. War Research. Essay Mills may also point out that students would know or ought to invisible wells, know what actions on their part constitute academic misconduct. The Consumer Protection from Unfair Trading Regulations 2008 are designed to protect customers from false or deceptive advertising or advertisements that leave out important information.
Local Authority Trading Standards Services and the Office of Fair Trading have a duty to enforce the ethics in business research paper, regulations using the “most appropriate means”. These range from informal regulatory (or self-regulatory) procedures to a civil action for an enforcement order, and, in the worst cases, criminal proceedings (UK Government 2016c ). A reasonable person might also consider that some of the essay on the man by wells, statements used by war research Essay Mills in essay on the invisible man by wells their advertising constitute an incitement to literature review thesis, commit academic fraud. However, as we explained previously, courts are reluctant to engage with plagiarism cases in on the invisible man by wells Universities and academic fraud is not normally a criminal offence; the student falsely represents the literature sample, work as his or her own but the immediate gain made by essay invisible man by the student is academic credit and & patricia dissertation, not money or property directly. Essay Invisible Man By. However there is nothing in lord flies questions wjec the section that requires the gain to be immediate and gain in terms of higher remuneration or salary may be made later but there is a question of whether this gain is too ‘remote’ – this ‘remoteness’ is a perceived weakness of the Fraud Act as currently drafted (e.g. see http://www.criminallawandjustice.co.uk/features/Fraudulent-Education ). In addition, although the objective test of dishonesty in R v Ghosh may be made out, the man by h.g. wells, second aspect of the test (whether the student subjectively views the act of submission as dishonest) may be difficult to establish beyond all reasonable doubt particularly given the advertising adopted by essay writing companies. The advice given by the educational institution concerning academic misconduct will be important in this context. Making or supplying articles for use in frauds (Section 7) Section 7 of the Act makes it an offence to make, adapt, supply or offer to supply any article knowing that it is designed or adapted for use in the course of or in connection with fraud, or intending it to be used to commit or facilitate fraud.
Section 8 extends the ethics, meaning of “article” for the purposes of sections 6 and 7 and certain other connected provisions so as to include any program or data held in electronic form. This should include an essay on the wells, essay stored or supplied electronically. Of The Wjec. 3. makes, adapts, supplies or offers to supply any article; for use in invisible man by wells the course of or in connection with fraud; knowing that it is designed or adapted for use in the course of or in lord of the flies connection with fraud (Section 7 (1) (a)) or. intending it to be used to commit or assist in essay on the h.g. wells the commission of fraud (Section 7 (1) (b). “Knowledge” in Section 7 (1) (a) is university of california thesis, a strict requirement 4 although in practice, the use to which the article can be put is likely to provide sufficient evidence of the defendant’s state of mind. Furthermore as noted above the publicity over student use of supplied essays would lead to a reasonable conclusion that a supplier of an essay has relevant knowledge for on the man by, the purposes of the offence. However the manufacture of articles that are capable of being used in or in connection with fraud but have other innocent uses will not fall foul of this section unless the manufacturer intends that it should be used in a dishonest way (Section 7 (1) (b)).
The terms and unemploymen, conditions of business will mitigate against the commission of an invisible wells, offence as essays are usually required to research, be used in invisible h.g. wells a legitimate manner. had possession or control of; for use in the course of or in connection with any fraud. This section is based on Section 25 of the Theft Act 1968. It must be shown that the Defendant had the article (essay) for the purpose or with the intention that it be used in the course of or in connection with an offence. Lord Of The. Therefore a general intention that he or another will commit fraud under Sections 1-4 of the Act will satisfy this requirement. “In our view, to establish an offence under Section 25 (1) the essay h.g. wells, prosecution must prove that the Defendant was in possession of the article, and intended the article to be used in the course of or in connection with some future burglary, theft or cheat. But it is not necessary to prove that he intended it to be used in the course of ethics in business research or in connection with any specific burglary, theft or cheat; it is enough to prove a general intention to use it for some burglary, theft or cheat; we think that this view is supported by essay on the man by wells the use of the word “any” in Section 25 (1). Nor, in our view, is it necessary to provide that the defendant intended to use it himself; it will be enough to prove that he had it with him with the intention that it should be used by ethics in business research someone else.” Section 7(2) of the Companies Act 2006 also is a further contraindication of the essay, commission of an offence under the Fraud Act 2006 by a company providing essay writing services. This provides that a company must not be formed for an unlawful purpose. 5 The decision by the Registrar of companies to incorporate a company suggests in thesis the first instance that the business of the company is lawful. That decision is subject to judicial review 6 and a certificate of incorporation is not conclusive evidence that all the essay invisible man by h.g., company’s business is legal.
If a company is registered with an research paper, illegal or immoral purpose then the Crown (but not an individual citizen) might apply through the Attorney –General to cancel the registration made by the Registrar. 7. Although companies that offer essay writing services may have been established prior to the coming into force of the essay on the man by h.g., Companies Act 2006 the requirement of incorporation for lawful purposes only is an established principle applying in respect of the incorporation of companies prior to this date. Thus at the time of incorporation the ethics in business research, Registrar must have been satisfied that the on the wells, essay writing companies were formed for a lawful purpose. The conclusion drawn by the authors therefore is that the terms and conditions of business accepted by students (notwithstanding the protections given by the civil law) effectively negate or make it difficult to establish the elements of a criminal offence under the Fraud Act 2006. In their recent report “Plagiarism in Higher Education”, the QAA recommend investigating legislative approaches to tackle contract cheating in Examine the economic growth, unemploymen the UK and invisible man by h.g., identified the thesis sample, UK 2006 Fraud Act as the most obvious means to pursue action (QAA 2016 ). Essay Wells. Here we conclude that the Act, as it currently stands, is Examine unemploymen, unlikely to provide a successful platform for addressing contract cheating through legal means – particularly if the aim is to prosecute the companies who offer these services. This is despite there being some obvious contradictions within the websites – all of the sites contain some form of statement that their products are ‘to be used for research purposes only’ yet all also offer some form of ‘plagiarism-free guarantee’. It is difficult to conceive of a situation where a plagiarism-free guarantee would be needed for a custom-written essay, unless it was to be used for submitting as the customer (student’s) own work.
The companies may need to protect themselves from on the h.g. wells, copyright violation, but this is distinct from plagiarism and would be a matter for the companies rather than something advertised to their customers. Literature Review Sample. It might be considered that the behaviours of essay invisible h.g. wells students using these services could fit UK legal definitions of research paper fraud although, as explained earlier, the courts have traditionally been reluctant to intervene in academic issues. There are also a number of potentially damaging consequences to the criminalisation of student behaviour in this way, such as the essay on the invisible h.g. wells, undermining of trust between students and russo-japanese, their universities and on the invisible h.g. wells, the role of university staff in such a situation; which would turn academic misconduct into a legal situation. At the very least, this would seem likely to deter action. There is a general presumption that some form of intention or knowledge (mens rea) is necessary for the commission of a criminal offence because of the impact of criminal penalties (including loss of robert switzer dissertation fellowship liberty). However, some offences are specifically enacted as offences of ‘strict liability’, meaning, basically, that there is no requirement to demonstrate ‘intent’, fault’ or ‘negligence’, although these may then be considered when determining a penalty. Strict liability normally applies in circumstances where protection of the public is essay on the invisible man by h.g. wells, paramount (eg a breach of unemploymen health and safety regulations). On The H.g. Wells. The authors propose that a new strict liability criminal offence is enacted specifically addressing the supply of academic essays to avoid the need for a prosecutor to establish intention or knowledge as a prerequisite to criminal liability.
The integrity of robert switzer dissertation fellowship assessment in Higher Education is at on the invisible man by h.g. stake and most students progress to roles or employment that will have a significant impact on members of the public, some very directly (e.g. In Business Research Paper. nurses, doctors, lawyers) “No person shall, for financial consideration, or the essay on the h.g., promise of financial consideration, prepare, offer to prepare, cause to be prepared, sell or offer or advertise for sale to any person any written material which may be submitted as a coursework, dissertation, essay, project report or any other form of assignment (written or otherwise) by a student in a university, college, academy, school or other educational institution to review thesis sample, such institution or to a course, seminar or degree program held by such institution” Offences of strict liability promote high standards of care, provide a strong deterrent, make enforcement easier and usually operate in relation to businesses in which the penalty is on the invisible man by h.g., a fine so that individual liberty is not at Examine stake. However the penalty should be substantial to avoid companies simply viewing a fine as an expense of the man by h.g. wells, business or a nominal tax on illegal enterprise. A strict liability offence may be coupled with a defence of all due care to mitigate against the potential harshness of a strict liability offence. The defendant can avoid conviction by proving that he or she took all due care to avoid committing the offence. “No person shall, for financial consideration, or the promise of fellowship financial consideration, prepare, offer to prepare, cause to be prepared, sell or offer or advertise for sale to any person any written material which the seller knows, is informed or has reason to essay h.g. wells, believe is russo-japanese paper, intended for submission as a coursework, dissertation, essay, project report or any other form of on the invisible man by assignment (written or otherwise) by a student in a University, college, academy, school or other educational institution to such institution or to a course, seminar or degree program held by such institution” Internationally there have been efforts to pursue contract cheating through legal means and these were described in detail in a recent chapter of the Handbook of Academic Integrity (Newton and Lang 2016 ). To summarise here, there are specific laws preventing contract cheating in 17 states of the USA, but these laws date back to literature, the 1970s and have rarely been used successfully. More recently New Zealand developed a law which made it illegal to advertise or to provide ‘third party assistance to cheat’ and this includes circumstances beyond essay writing, such as sitting an exam on behalf of another. Again, this law does not appear to on the invisible man by wells, have been commonly used. Partly this may be due to the jurisdictional issues posed by contract cheating. As described in the introduction, there are multiple actors involved and of the flies wjec, each may be in a different country. Perhaps the greatest value in establishing a law preventing contract cheating would be to de-legitimise these services in the eyes of students; having a deterrent, rather than a curative, effect. Despite our conclusion that the current activities of UK-based essay writing companies do not appear to violate the on the invisible man by wells, terms of the 2006 Fraud Act, we have identified other possible legal approaches to addressing contract cheating via a legal means.
The first is in the apparent discrepancy between the ethics in business research, terms and conditions used by the companies, which frequently urges caution in the use of purchased assignments for misconduct, and their advertising which can actively encourage it. In the UK this is, potentially, a violation of the “Consumer Protection from Unfair Trading Regulations 2008” which are designed to protect customers from false or deceptive advertising or advertisements that leave out essay man by important information. Local Authority Trading Standards Services and the Office of review thesis sample Fair Trading have a duty to enforce the regulations using the “most appropriate means”. These range from informal regulatory (or self-regulatory) procedures to a civil action for an enforcement order, and, in the worst cases, criminal proceedings (UK Government 2016c ). Legal approaches should be viewed as just one means by essay on the invisible man by h.g. wells which contract cheating could be tackled, particularly given the limitations of a legal approach outlined above. Review Thesis Sample. Other strategies could include the increased use of assessment modalities which are not so easily purchased, such as face-to-face presentations and practical skills assessments (reviewed in (Newton and Lang 2016 )). Additional approaches would also benefit from support through regulation, such as a requirement from invisible man by, accrediting organisations to the economic unemploymen, include a minimum proportion of face-to-face assessment. In summary then, the current status of the UK Fraud Act ( 2006 ) does not lend itself to invisible h.g. wells, successful legal pursuit of essay writing companies in the UK. However this could be addressed with a modification to the Act. The principles identified could be adopted in other countries.
Read with section 34(1) of that Act and section 4(1) of the Theft Act (Northern Ireland) 1969 (read with section 32(1) of that Act). L’Estrange v F. Groucob Ltd  2 KB 394. Paper. R v Akpom  EWCA Crim 2662 The defendant worked in a registry office. It was alleged that he had deliberately issued false birth certificates for non-existent children, knowing that they would be used for on the, fraud. War Research Paper. Five birth certificates were found in the possession of professional fraudsters for their use in making fraudulent claims for benefits. A certificate was held to be an ‘article’ R v Montila  UKHL 50. On The Man By Wells. R v Registrar of literature review sample Joint Stick Companies, ex parte More  2 KB 197. R v Registrar of companies, ex parte A-G  BCLC 476 – attempted registration of a company to carry on man by h.g. wells, the business of prostitution. Examine Growth,. Bowman v Secular Society  AC 406. The authors would like to thank Dr Patrick Bishop of the College of Law and Criminology for reviewing the manuscript prior to submission. MD is Associate Professor in the College of Law and Criminology and Director of the Swansea Academy for Inclusivity and Learner Success.
He is a solicitor of the on the, senior courts of England and Wales (non practising). He analysed the of the flies essay wjec, content of the websites against the UK 2006 Fraud Act and wrote the manuscript with PN. VI Is a student author who undertook a research role as part of the Swansea University student internship scheme. PN is the invisible h.g. wells, Director of flies essay questions wjec Learning and Teaching at the Swansea University Medical School and on the man by h.g., has a research interest in academic integrity. He identified the sites and their common practises. He also wrote the manuscript with MD. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Open Access This article is lord flies essay wjec, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. Essay On The Invisible Man By H.g. Wells. Andrew Bomford BBC Radio 4’s PM programme The man who helps students to thesis, cheat.
In: BBC News. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-36276324 . Accessed 1 June 2016 Bakos Y, Marotta-Wurgler F, Trossen DR (2014) Does anyone read the fine print? Consumer attention to standard form contracts. Social Science Research Network, Rochester, NY Google Scholar Campbell K (1984) The Test of Dishonesty in R. v. Ghosh. Camb Law J 43:349–360. doi: 10.1017/S0008197300112632View ArticleGoogle Scholar Henry R, Flyn C, Glass K (2014) ?630 and essay invisible man by h.g. wells, I’ll put you on Examine the economic growth, unemploymen, the way to a first’ Google Scholar Lancaster T, Clarke R (2016) Contract cheating: the outsourcing of man by assessed student work. In: Bretag T (ed) Handbook of academic integrity. Springer, Singapore, pp 639–654 Google Scholar Morris EJ (2015) Academic integrity: a teaching and russo-japanese war research, learning approach. In: Bretag TA (ed) Handbook of academic integrity. Springer, Singapore, pp 1–14 View ArticleGoogle Scholar Newton P (2015) Academic integrity: a quantitative study of essay invisible wells confidence and of the flies essay, understanding in students at the start of on the man by h.g. wells their higher education. Assess Eval High Educ 0:1–16. doi: 10.1080/02602938.2015.1024199Google Scholar Newton PM, Lang C (2016) Custom essay writers, freelancers, and other paid third parties.
In: Bretag T (ed) Handbook of lord flies essay wjec academic integrity. Essay On The Invisible H.g. Wells. Springer, Singapore, pp 249–271 Google Scholar QAA (2016) Plagiarism in Higher Education - Custom essay writing services: an exploration and next steps for the UK higher education sector Google Scholar Saunders J (2010) Plagiarism and the law. Learn Publ 23:279–292. doi: 10.1087/20100402View ArticleGoogle Scholar Sivasubramaniam S, Kostelidou K, Ramachandran S (2016) A close encounter with ghost-writers: an initial exploration study on background, strategies and attitudes of independent essay providers. Int J Educ Integr. doi: 10.1007/s40979-016-0007-9Google Scholar Tennant P, Duggan F (2008) Academic Misconduct Benchmarking Research (AMBeR) Project Part II Executive Summary Google Scholar Thomas J, Scott J (2016) UK perspectives of wjec academic integrity. In: Bretag T (ed) Handbook of academic integrity. Springer, Singapore, pp 39–53 Google Scholar UK Government E (2006) Fraud Act 2006. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2006/35/contents . Accessed 10 Sept 2016 UK Government (2013) The CPS : The Code for Crown Prosecutors Google Scholar UK Government (2015) Consumer Rights Act 2015 Google Scholar UK Government (2016a) Your rights and the law - GOV.UK. Google Scholar UK Government (2016b) Incorporation and names - Publications - GOV.UK. On The Invisible H.g. Wells. Google Scholar UK Government (2016c) Marketing and advertising: the law - GOV.UK Google Scholar Wallace MJ, Newton PM (2014) Turnaround time and market capacity in contract cheating. Educ Stud 40:233–236. doi: 10.1080/03055698.2014.889597View ArticleGoogle Scholar. Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share on LinkedIn Share on Weibo Share on Google Plus Share on robert & patricia switzer, Reddit.
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By Jerome Corsi. By Jack Cashill. ADDITIONAL IMPORTANT FEATURES: Democrat Barack Hussein Obama, Jr. was elected President of the United States on November 4, 2008. Prior to thesis, that, he had served four years as a U.S. senator from wells, Illinois (2005-2008) and eight years as an Illinois state senator (1996-2004). “In Islam, religion passes from the father to the child.
Barack Hussein Obama, Sr. [his Kenyan birth father] was a Muslim who named his boy Barack Hussein Obama, Jr. Only Muslim children are named ‘Hussein’. [Barack Obama’s] stepfather, Lolo Soetoro, was also a Muslim. In fact, as Obama's half-sister, Maya Soetoro-Ng explained to Jodi Kantor of the in business research paper New York Times : ‘My whole family was Muslim, and on the invisible man by wells, most of the people I knew were Muslim.’ An Indonesian publication, the literature sample Banjarmasin Post reports a former classmate, Rony Amir, recalling that ‘All the relatives of essay man by wells Barry's [Barack’s] father were very devout Muslims.’” * As a child in Indonesia, Obama attended Koranic classes at a Muslim school known as Besuki. At tha same time, he attended the St. Lord Flies Essay Questions? Francis of Assisi Catholic School. * In February 2009, Obama said: I was not raised in a particularly religious household. Essay On The H.g.? I had a father who was born a Muslim but became an atheist, grandparents who were non-practicing Methodists and Baptists, and a mother who was skeptical of organized religion.
I didn't become a Christian until I moved to the South Side of Chicago after college. * In a March 2009 interview, Obama's then-30-year-old half-brother, George Hussein Onyango Obama , said that “on the robert & patricia switzer inside Barack Obama is Muslim.” * In September 2010, Obama said: I came to my Christian faith later in life. * Author Edward Klein , while researching his 2012 book The Amateur , once asked the Rev. Jeremiah Wright, Obama's longtime pastor at Trinity United Methodisy Church in Chicago: Did you convert Obama from Islam to Christianity? Wright replied enigmatically: That's hard to tell. * Daniel Pipes writes that many pieces of evidence argue for Obama having been born and raised a Muslim Specifically, says Pipes: (1) Islam is a patrilineal religion : In Islam, the father passes his faith to the children; and when a Muslim male has children with a non-Muslim female, Islam considers the children Muslim. Essay H.g. Wells? Obama's grandfather and father having been Muslims the russo-japanese war research paper extent of essay on the h.g. their piety matters not at all means that, in Muslim eyes, Barack was born a Muslim. (2) Arabic forenames based on the H-S-N trilateral root : All such names (Husayn or Hussein, Hasan, Hassân, Hasanayn, Ahsan, Muhsin, and others) are exclusively bestowed on Muslim babies. Russo-japanese War Research Paper? (The same goes for names based on on the wells the H-M-D root.) Obama's middle name, Hussein, explicitly proclaims him a born Muslim. (3) Registered as Muslim at SD Katolik Santo Fransiskus Asisi : Obama was registered at a Catholic school in Jakarta as Barry Soetoro. A surviving document correctly lists him as born in Honolulu on Aug. 4, 1961; in addition, it lists him having Indonesian nationality and Muslim religion.
(4) Registered as Muslim at SD Besuki : Although Besuki (also known as SDN 1 Menteng) is russo-japanese war research, a public school, Obama curiously refers to it in on the h.g., Audacity (p. Robert & Patricia Switzer Fellowship? 154) as the Muslim school he attended in Jakarta. Its records have not survived but several journalists (Haroon Siddiqui of the Toronto Star , Paul Watson of the essay man by h.g. wells Los Angeles Times , David Maraniss of the Washington Post ) have all confirmed that there too, he was registered as a Muslim. (5) Islamic class at SD Besuki : Obama mentions ( Audacity , p. 154) that at ethics, Besuki, the teacher wrote to tell my mother that I made faces during Koranic studies. Only Muslim students attended the man by h.g. weekly two-hour Koran class, Watson reports: two of his teachers, former Vice Principal Tine Hahiyari and third-grade teacher Effendi, said they remember clearly that at Examine the economic, this school too, he was registered as a Muslim, which determined what class he attended during weekly religion lessons. Muslim students were taught by a Muslim teacher, and on the invisible man by h.g., Christian students were taught by a Christian teacher, said Effendi.
Andrew Higgins of the Washington Post quotes Rully Dasaad, a former classmate, saying that Obama horsed around in class and, during readings of the Koran, got laughed at review sample, because of his funny pronunciation. Maraniss learned that the class included not only studying how to pray and how to man by wells, read the Koran, but also actually praying in the Friday communal service right on the school grounds. (6) Mosque attendance : Maya Soetoro-Ng, Obama's younger half-sister, said her father (namely, Barack's stepfather) attended the ethics mosque for big communal events, Barker found that Obama occasionally followed his stepfather to the mosque for Friday prayers. Watson reports: The childhood friends say Obama sometimes went to Friday prayers at the local mosque. We prayed but not really seriously, just following actions done by essay on the invisible man by wells, older people in the mosque. But as kids, we loved to literature review thesis sample, meet our friends and went to h.g. wells, the mosque together and played, said Zulfin Adi, who describes himself as among Obama's closest childhood friends. Sometimes, when the russo-japanese muezzin sounded the call to prayer, Lolo and Barry would walk to the makeshift mosque together, Adi said. His mother often went to the church, but Barry was Muslim. He went to the mosque, Adi said.
(7) Muslim clothing : Adi recalls about Obama, I remember him wearing a sarong. Likewise,Maraniss found not only that His classmates recalled that Barry wore a sarong but written exchanges indicating that he continued to wear this garment in on the invisible man by h.g. wells, the United States. This fact has religious implications because, in Indonesian culture, only Muslims wear sarongs. (8) Piety : Obama says that in switzer, Indonesia, he didn't practice [Islam], an assertion that inadvertently acknowledges his Muslim identity by implying he was a non-observant Muslim. But several of those who knew him contradict this recollection. Rony Amir describes Obama as previously quite religious in Islam. Essay On The Man By? A former teacher, Tine Hahiyary, quoted in the Kaltim Post , says the future president took part in advanced Islamic religious lessons: I remember that he had studied mengaji . Of California? In the context of Southeast Asian Islam, mengaji Quran means to recite the Koran in on the invisible man by h.g., Arabic, a difficult task denoting advanced study. In summary, the record points to Obama having been born a Muslim to a non-practicing Muslim father and having lived for four years in a fully Muslim milieu under the auspices of his Muslim Indonesian stepfather. For these reasons, those who knew Obama in Indonesia considered him a Muslim.
* Daniel Pipes has pointed out the significance of the manner in which Obama typically addresses Muslim audiences: “When addressing Muslim audiences, Obama uses specifically Muslim phrases that recall his Muslim identity. Examine The Economic? He addressed audiences both in Cairo (in June 2009 ) and Jakarta (in Nov. 2010 ) with 'as-salaamu alaykum,' a greeting that he, who went to essay on the invisible man by, Koran class, knows is reserved for one Muslim addressing another.” Further, Pipes notes that “In Cairo, he [Obama] also deployed several other pious terms that signal to thesis, Muslims he is one of them: (a) 'the Holy Koran' (a term mentioned five times): an man by wells exact translation from the standard Arabic reference to review thesis, the Islamic scripture, al-Qur'an al-Karim ; (b) 'the right path': a translation of the Arabic as-sirat al-mustaqim , which Muslims ask God to guide them along each time they pray; (c) 'I have known Islam on essay on the invisible man by h.g. three continents before coming to the region where it was first revealed': non-Muslims do not refer to Islam as revealed ; (d) 'the story of Isra, when Moses, Jesus, and Mohammed joined in prayer': this Koranic tale of a night journey establishes the Examine growth, leadership of Muhammad over all other holy figures, including Jesus; (e) 'Moses, Jesus, and Mohammed, peace be upon them': a translation of the Arabic 'alayhim as-salam , which pious Muslims say after mentioning the names of dead prophets other than Muhammad.” * Pipes offers also the following insight about Obama's use of the phrase Peace be upon them: “Obama's saying 'Peace be upon them' has other implications beyond being a purely Islamic turn of phrase never employed by essay h.g., Arabic-speaking Jews and Christians. First, it contradicts what a self-professed Christian believes because it implies that Jesus, like Moses and Muhammad, is dead; Christian theology holds him to lord of the essay wjec, have been resurrected, living, and the immortal Son of h.g. God. Second, including Muhammad in this blessing implies reverence for him, something as outlandish as a Jew talking about Jesus Christ . Third, a Christian would more naturally seek peace from Jesus rather than wish peace on russo-japanese war research paper him.” “[Obama] drastically overestimates both the number and the role of Muslims in on the wells, the United States, announcing in June 2009 that 'if you actually took the number of Muslims Americans, we'd be one of the largest Muslim countries in the world.' (Hardly: according to one listing of in business Muslim populations , the United States, with about 2.5 million Muslims , ranks about essay invisible wells 47 th largest.) Three days later , he gave a bloated estimate of 'nearly 7 million American Muslims in our country today' and bizarrely announced that 'Islam has always been a part of America's story. since our founding, American Muslims have enriched the United States.' Obama also announced the dubious fact, in Apr. 2009 , that many Americans 'have Muslims in their families or have lived in a Muslim-majority country.' When ordering religious communities in ethics research paper, the United States, Obama always gives first place to invisible man by, Christians but second place varies between Jews and Muslims, most notably in ethics in business research, his Jan. 2009 inaugural speech: 'The United States is a nation of Christians and Muslims, Jews and essay on the wells, Hindus and non-believers.' Obama so wildly overestimates the Muslim role in American life that they suggest an Islamic supremacist mentality specific to someone coming from a Muslim background.” The 1970s and CPUSA Member Frank Marshall Davis: In 1971, Obama was sent back to Hawaii to be raised largely by his white, middle-class, maternal grandparents, and to review sample, attend the prestigious Punahou Academy. For only one month of his life, also when he was ten, Obama was visited by his biological father.
To avoid being mistaken for a sellout,I chose my friends carefully. The more politically active black students. The foreign students. The Chicanos.The Marxist Professors and the structural feminists and punk-rock performance poets.We smoked cigarettes and wore leather jackets. At night,in the dorms,we discussed neocolonialism, [the socialist, anti-colonialist revolutionary] Franz Fanon,Eurocentrism,and patriarchy. Invisible Wells? When we ground out of the flies our cigarettes in the hallway carpet or set our stereos so loud that the walls began to shake, we were resisting bourgeois society's stifling constraints. We weren't indifferent or careless or insecure. We were alienated. John C. On The Invisible Wells? Drew's Recollections of Obama as a Student at Occidental College: What’s missing from this story is that the 'social justice' young men and robert & patricia, women were, in essay invisible man by h.g. wells, fact, simply left-wing socialists.
They found a hero in Professor Boesche because he made complex texts easier to understand and because he encouraged them to fight even though they would be inevitably ground up in the gears of history. In Business? The outrage that Obama felt when he got a 'B' from Boesche was due to the idea that Obama felt he was held to a higher standard because he was a revolutionary who shared Boesche’s perspective. Obama felt he was held to a higher standard because he was one of the student[s] in h.g., greatest ideological agreement with what Professor Boesche was teaching at that time. In February 2010, John C. Drew shared the following recollections he had of Obama: I met Barack Obama face-to-face later that same year in late December 1980. By then, I was in my second year of graduate school at Cornell. I was doing my first, official teaching. The young Ann Coulter was a student in Theodore J. Lowi’s Introduction to American Government course in 1980 and flies questions, I was the teaching assistant responsible for invisible man by guiding her small group discussion section. Switzer Dissertation? Back on the West Coast for Christmas break, I was visiting a girlfriend who was still attending Occidental College who introduced me to 'Barry' Obama and his housemate Mohammed Hasan Chandoo, a wealthy Pakistani student.
From Occidental, Obama transferred to Columbia University in New York City, where he graduated in 1983 with a degree in essay on the man by wells, political science. In 1982, Obama's biological father -- Barack Obama, Sr. -- died in a car crash. In Dreams From My Father , Obama reveals that during his student years at Columbia he “went to socialist conferences at Cooper Union and russo-japanese war research paper, African cultural fairs in Brooklyn.” Specifically, these were Socialist Scholars Conferences (SSC), which featured the elite of socialist academia as well as union activists, political revolutionaries, reformers, and opponents of “corporate greed.” According to the libertarian writer Trevor Loudon, guest speakers at these conferences included “members of the Communist Party USA and its offshoot, the Committees of Correspondence, as well as Maoists, Trotskyists, black radicals, gay activists and radical feminists.” Matthew Vadum and Jeremy Lott provide an h.g. excellent explanation of what a community organizer does. They write: “What does a “community organizer” do?
Good question. University Thesis? Ever since former New York mayor Rudy Giuliani mocked Senator Barack Obama at the Republican convention in essay on the h.g. wells, September 2008, for russo-japanese the senator’s community organizing past, and Alaska Governor Sarah Palin said that her previous experience as mayor was “sort of like a ‘community organizer,’ except that you have actual responsibilities,” [Obama’s] supporters have been furiously spinning this one. They’ve suggested a fanciful interpretation of “community organizer” that includes organizing church picnics and bake sales. Some have even had the cheek to suggest that Jesus Christ was a community organizer. Dr.
Thomas Sowell, the eminent Stanford University sociologist, offers this assessment of what community organizers do: For 'community organizers' . racial resentments are a stock in trade. What does a community organizer do? What he does not do is organize a community. What he organizes are the essay h.g. resentments and ethics in business research, paranoia within a community, directing those feelings against other communities, from whom either benefits or revenge are to be gotten, using whatever rhetoric or tactics will accomplish that purpose.
Political analyst Andrew McCarthy calls community organizing a gussied-up term for systematic rabble-rousing. Essay Invisible H.g. Wells? He adds: The quest for the economic growth, raw power is the gospel according to the seminal organizer, Saul Alinsky. In Obama terminology, 'hope' is the essay on the invisible man by h.g. possibility that power may be wrested from society’s 'haves' by infiltrating their political system. Just as Willie Sutton robbed banks because that’s where the money is, organizers must target the very system they reject to thesis, acquire powermaking themselves attractive to the great mass of society despite having 'contemptuously rejected the on the invisible values and the way of life of the middle class,' as Alinsky put it. Of The Flies? This is the formula for transformational 'change': the essay invisible man by h.g. exploitation of power, once acquired, to redistribute wealth and elevate the left’s professionally aggrieved vanguard.
The day after the rally, Marty [Jerry Kellman in Dreams] decided it was time for me to do some real work, and he handed me a long list of the economic people to interview. Invisible Man By Wells? Find out their self-interest, he said. That’s why people become involved in organizingbecause they think they’ll get something out of it. Once I found an issue enough people cared about, I could take them into action. With enough actions, I could start to build power. Issues, action, power, self-interest. I liked these concepts. They bespoke a certain hardheadedness, a worldly lack of sentiment; politics, not religion. Obama's expenses at paper, DCP were signed and essay on the invisible man by h.g. wells, approved by switzer fellowship, the late Cardinal Joseph Bernardin, a far-leftist who founded the Catholic Campaign for Human Development (CCHD); who famously credited Mikhail Gorbachev, not Reagan or John Paul II, with having brought about the collapse of the Soviet Union; and who called for a “consistent ethic of life,” in an effort to persuade anti-abortion Catholics to h.g. wells, likewise embrace pacifism and essay, wealth redistribution.
He pursued manifestly worthy goals; protecting people from asbestos in government housing projects is essay on the invisible man by h.g., obviously a good thing and a responsibility of the russo-japanese war research paper government that built them. But [in every case except one] the proposed solution to every problem on on the the South Side was a distribution of government funds .  Nor was Obama reluctant to use intimidation as a tactic. In one instance, he personally orchestrated a demonstration in university thesis, which scores of protestors broke into essay on the invisible h.g. wells a private meeting between bank executives and literature review, local community leaders, menacing them as they attempted to wells, negotiate a deal vis a vis a controversial landfill issue. In 1987, when Obama was executive director of DCP, he asked Chicago mayor Harold Washington to support a community organizing project whose advisory board would include Obama's pastor Jeremiah Wright, the Examine the economic growth, leftist Catholic priest Michael Pfleger, Illinois State Senator Emil Jones, and John Ayers (brother of former Weather Underground terrorist Bill Ayers). In a followup letter addressed to Washington’s assistant three days later, Obama again laid out essay on the h.g. wells his plans and included a list of his advisory council members. Trained in the Saul Alinsky Method:
Three of Obama's mentors in Chicago were trained at the Saul Alinsky-founded Industrial Areas Foundation (IAF) in the Windy City. (The Developing Communities Project itself was an affiliate of the Gamaliel Foundation, whose modus operandi for university the creation of essay invisible h.g. wells “a more just and democratic society” is rooted firmly in the Alinsky method.) Alinsky was known for having helped to establish the aggressive political tactics that characterized the 1960s, and which have remained central to ethics, all subsequent revolutionary movements in on the invisible h.g., the United States. He was a natural, the undisputed master of agitation, who could engage a room full of recruiting targets in a rapid-fire Socratic dialogue, nudging them to admit that they were not living up to their own standards. As with the university panhandler, he could be aggressive and confrontational. With probing, sometimes personal questions, he would pinpoint the source of pain in their lives, tearing down their egos just enough before dangling a carrot of essay on the invisible wells hope that they could make things better. For several years, Obama himself taught workshops on the Alinsky method. “Grass-roots community organizing builds on indigenous leadership and direct action. Review Sample? The debate as to how black and other dispossessed people can forward their lot in America is invisible man by h.g., not new. Of The Essay? From W. E. Essay H.g.? B. DuBois to Booker T. Washington to Marcus Garvey to literature sample, Malcolm X to invisible, Martin Luther King, this internal debate has raged between integration and in business research, nationalism, between accommodation and militancy, between sit-down strikes and boardroom negotiations. On The Man By H.g. Wells? The lines between these strategies have never been simply drawn, and the most successful black leadership has recognized the ethics in business paper need to bridge these seemingly divergent approaches. Author Andrew McCarthy makes the following observations about Obama's words:
Breathtaking. Lawfulness and lawlessness, thuggishness and regular politicswe’re not to divine any moral or ethical differences. They are just different 'approaches' to empowerment. They only 'seem' to be 'divergent.' It may be important to maintain the veneer of respect for essay h.g. legal processes, but it is just as legitimate to stretch or break the rules whenever necessary to Examine the economic growth,, achieve the desired outcomesocial justice being a higher form of legitimacy than society’s rule of law. Separatism, menacing, and essay man by, civil disobedience: none of these is beyond the pale; they are simply choices on robert & patricia fellowship the hard power menu Obama 'bridges' with soft power (i.e., the system’s mundane legal and political processes). As a young community organizer, Obama had close connections to the Midwest Academy, a radical training ground for essay on the invisible man by activists of his political ilk. Probably the essay questions most influential community-organizing-related entity in America at that time, the Midwest Academy worked closely with the DSA and essay on the invisible man by wells, synthesized Saul Alinsky’s organizing techniques with the practical considerations of electoral politics. Emphasizing “class consciousness” and “movement history,” the growth, unemploymen Academy’s training programs exposed students to the efforts and essay on the man by, achievements of veteran activists from earlier decades. Recurring “socialism sessions,” taught by war research paper, Heather Booth, encompassed everything from Marx and Engels through Michael Harrington’s democratic socialism and on the, the factional struggles of the Students for a Democratic Society, a radical organization that aspired to review sample, remake America’s government in a Marxist image. Knowing that many Americans would be unreceptive to straightforward, hard-left advocacy, the Midwest Academy in its formative years was careful not to explicitly articulate its socialist ideals in man by h.g., its organizing and in business paper, training activities. Man By Wells? The group’s inner circle was wholly committed to building a socialist mass movement, but stealthily rather than overtly.
As Midwest Academy trainer Steve Max and review thesis, the prominent socialist Harry Boyte agreed in essay on the h.g. wells, a private correspondence: “Every social proposal that we make must be [deceptively] couched in terms of how it will strengthen capitalism.” This strategy of hiding its own socialist agendas below the proverbial radar, earned the Academy the thesis designation “crypto-socialist organization” from essay h.g. wells, Stanley Kurtz. “Nearly every thread of Obama’s career runs directly or indirectly through the Midwest Academy,” says Kurtz, and, as such, it represents “the hidden key to Barack Obama’s political career.” The author elaborates: “Obama’s organizing mentors had ties to [the Midwest Academy]; Obama’s early funding was indirectly controlled by it; evidence strongly suggests that Obama himself received training there; both Barack and Michelle Obama ran a project called ‘Public Allies’ that was effectively an extension of the Midwest Academy; Obama’s first run for lord flies essay wjec public office was sponsored by Academy veteran Alice Palmer; and Obama worked closely at two foundations for years with yet another veteran organizer from the Midwest Academy, Ken Rolling. Perhaps more important, Barack Obama’s approach to essay on the invisible man by h.g. wells, politics is clearly inspired by that of the Midwest Academy.” Obama and the Alliance for Better Chicago Schools: In 1988 Obama applied for lord flies essay wjec admission to Harvard Law School. At the time, a Muslim attorney and invisible man by, black nationalist named Khalid Abdullah Tariq al-Mansour asked civil rights activist Percy Sutton to growth,, send a letter of recommendation to his (Sutton's) friends at Harvard on Obama's behalf.
In an interview published by the Daily Herald on March 3, 1990, Barck Obama said: I feel good when I'm engaged in what I think are the core issues of the on the man by society, and those core issues to me are what's happening to poor folks in this society. There's certainly racism here [at Harvard Law School]. There are certain burdens that are placed [on blacks], more emotionally at flies questions wjec, this point than concretely. Hopefully, more and more people will begin to feel their story is somehow part of this larger story of how we're going to essay man by, reshape America in a way that is russo-japanese, less mean-spirited and more generous. I mean, I really hope to be part of a transformation of this country. In May 2012, Breitbart News reported that it had obtained a 36-page promotional booklet produced in essay man by h.g., 1991 by Barack Obama's then-literary agency, Acton Dystel, which stated that Obama was born in Kenya and raised in Indonesia and Hawaii. The booklet, which was distributed to people in the publishing industry, includes a brief biography of growth, unemploymen Obama and 89 other authors represented by Acton Dystel. Obama’s biography in the booklet reads as follows: Barack Obama, the first African-American president of the essay man by Harvard Law Review , was born in Kenya and raised in Indonesia and literature thesis, Hawaii.
The son of an American anthropologist and a Kenyan finance minister, he attended Columbia University and worked as a financial journalist and editor for Business International Corporation. Invisible Wells? He served as project coordinator in Harlem for the New York Public Interest Research Group, and was Executive Director of the Developing Communities Project in Chicago’s South Side. His commitment to social and racial issues will be evident in his first book, Journeys in literature review sample, Black and White . The booklet also included biographies of such notable authors as former Speaker of the essay on the wells House Tip O’Neill, sports legends Joe Montana and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, and a number of Hollywood celebrities. Jay Acton (of Acton Dystel) told Breitbart News that the booklet had cost the agency tens of thousands of dollars to produce. He said that while almost nobody wrote his or her own biography, the non-athletes in the booklet were probably approached to approve the text as presented. His most traditional course was in the due process and equal protection areas of constitutional law. Ethics In Business Research? His voting rights class traced the evolution of election law, from the disenfranchisement of blacks to contemporary debates over essay on the man by districting and campaign finance. His most original course, a historical and of the essay, political seminar as much as a legal one, was on racism and essay invisible, law [In] one class on robert & patricia race, he imitated the way clueless white people talked. 'Why are your friends at on the invisible, the housing projects shooting each other?' he asked in a mock-innocent voice. . Mr. University Thesis? Obama was especially eager for invisible man by his charges to understand the horrors of the Examine growth, unemploymen past, students say. He assigned a 1919 catalog of on the invisible h.g. wells lynching victims, including some who were first raped or stripped of their ears and fingers, others who were pregnant or lynched with their children, and some whose charred bodies were sold off, bone fragment by of california, bone fragment, to gawkers. 'Are there legal remedies that alleviate not just existing racism, but racism from the past?' Adam Gross, now a public interest lawyer in Chicago, wrote in his class notes in April 1994.
Liberals flocked to his classes[.] After all, the professor was a progressive politician[.] . Karen McQuillan writes, in American Thinker , that Obama was a lecturer, and not a full professor, because he did not have the qualifications to be a professor. Essay On The Invisible Man By? Adds McQuillan: Obama never published a single law paper. He was hired by the University of Chicago when they learned he had been given a book contract on race and in business paper, law directly after graduating from Harvard. There was no book just the essay man by h.g. contract, which he later reneged on. This is thesis, not the normal level of essay invisible h.g. wells accomplishment for a University of Chicago professor or even lecturer. Introduction to ACORN and Project Vote: In the early to mid-1990s, Obama worked with ACORN, a grassroots political organization that grew out of George Wiley's National Welfare Rights Organization (NWRO). In the late 1960s and early 70s, NWRO members had invaded welfare offices across the U.S. -- often violently -- bullying social workers and loudly demanding every penny to which the law “entitled” them.  Litigator for war research Davis, Miner, Barnhill Galland, P.C .: In 1993 Barack Obama took a job as a litigator of voting rights and employment cases with the law firm Davis, Miner, Barnhill Galland, P.C. (a.k.a.
Davis Miner). That same year, he also became a lecturer at the University of essay on the invisible man by Chicago Law School. Obama -- along with such notables as Al Sharpton and Jeremiah Wright -- helped organize the October 1995 Million Man March in Washington, DC, which featured Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan. Said Obama in the immediate aftermath of the March: “What I saw was a powerful demonstration of an impulse and need for African-American men to come together to recognize each other and affirm our rightful place in the society. Historically, African-Americans have turned inward and towards black nationalism whenever they have a sense, as we do now, that the russo-japanese paper mainstream has rebuffed us, and that white Americans couldn’t care less about the profound problems African-Americans are facing.” Obama Smears White Executives in the Suburbs:
I worked as a community organizer in Chicago. I was very active in low-income neighborhoods, working on issues of essay on the wells crime and education and employment, and seeing that in lord of the flies questions wjec, some ways, certain portions of the African American community are doing as bad if not worse, and recognizing that my fate remained tied up with their fates, that my individual salvation is not going to essay man by, come about russo-japanese paper without a collective salvation for the country. Unfortunately I think that recognition requires that we make sacrifices, and on the wells, this country has not always been willing to make the sacrifices necessary to bring about a new day and Examine, a new age. By no means was this the only time Obama spoke about man by h.g. collective salvation. In a 1998 radio interview he said: . my individual salvation is not going to dissertation fellowship, come about essay invisible wells without a collective salvation for the country. Dissertation? Um, unfortunately I think that recognition requires that we make sacrifices and this country has not always been willing to make the sacrifices necessary to on the man by, bring about a new day and a new age.
Obama Identifies White Suppression of of california Blacks As a Problem in the United States, As Elsewhere: . [T]he truth of the matter is that many of the problems that Africa faces, whether it's poverty or political suppression or ethnic conflict is just as prominent there and can't all be blamed on essay on the invisible wells the effects of the economic unemploymen colonialism. What it can be blamed on essay man by h.g. is some of the common factors that affect Bosnia or Los Angeles or all kinds of places on this earth, and that is the tendency for ethics in business research one group to try to h.g., suppress another group in university of california, the interest of essay on the man by power or greed or resources or what have you. In an environment of scarcity, where the cost of living is war research, rising, folks begin to get angry and bitter and look for scapegoats. Historically, instead of essay on the man by h.g. looking at the top 5% of this country that controls all the wealth, we turn towards each other, and the Republicans have added to the fire. In that same interview, Obama said that his perspective on the “top 5%” had been shaped by his experiences abroad: It's about in business research power. My travels made me sensitive to the plight of those without power and man by, the issues of robert dissertation fellowship class and inequalities as it relates to essay on the invisible man by h.g. wells, wealth and power. Of The Flies Essay Wjec? Anytime you have been overseas in these so-called third world countries, one thing you see is the on the invisible h.g. vast disparity of wealth of those who are part of power structure and those outside of it.
Bill Ayers, Bernardine Dohrn, and Obama's Entry into Politics: In the mid-1990s, Obama developed a friendship with fellow Chicagoans Bill Ayers and of california, his wife Bernardine Dohrn, university professors who hosted a fundraiser at their home to introduce Obama to their neighbors during his first run for the Illinois state senate in 1996. Invisible? (This fundraiser was likely organized by the socialist New Party.) Ayers (who contributed money to Obama’s 1996 campaign) and Dohrn had been leaders of the 1960s domestic terrorist group Weatherman, a Communist-driven splinter faction of of california Students for a Democratic Society. The pair had participated personally in the bombings of essay on the man by New York City Police Headquarters in 1970, the Capitol building in 1971, and the Pentagon in 1972. To this day, both have remained unrepentant about their former terrorist activities and their hatred of the United States.  “This is war research, a guy who lives in my neighborhood, who is a professor of English in Chicago, who I know, and who I have not received some official endorsement from. He is not somebody who I exchange ideas from invisible man by wells, [with] on a regular basis.
And the notion that somehow, as a consequence of me knowing somebody who engaged in detestable acts forty years ago when I was eight years old, somehow reflects on me and my values doesn't make much sense [T]his kind of game, in which anybody who I know, regardless of how flimsy the in business paper relationship is, [that] somehow their ideas could be attributed to me, I think the on the wells American people are smarter than that. They’re not gonna suggest somehow that that is reflective of my views, because it obviously isn’t.” Chicago Annenberg Challenge and Bill Ayers: But in reality, Obama's ties to Ayers were deep and longstanding. In 1995, for instance, Obama was appointed as the first Chairman of the Chicago Annenberg Challenge (CAC), a “school reform organization” founded by Ayers, who would later write, in his book Teaching Toward Freedom , that his educational objective was to robert dissertation fellowship, “teach against oppression” as embodied in wells, “America’s history of evil and racism, thereby forcing social transformation.” “Ayers made presentations to board meetings chaired by Obama. University? Ayers also spoke for the Chicago School Reform Collaborative before Obama's board, while Obama periodically spoke for on the invisible man by h.g. the board at meetings of the collaborative According to the documents, the CAC granted money to far-leftist causes, such as the radical Association of Community Organizations for robert & patricia switzer dissertation fellowship Reform Now, or ACORN, which has done work on behalf of Obama's presidential campaign.”
WorldNetDaily reported further that “while Obama chaired the board of the CAC, more than $600,000 was granted to essay on the wells, an organization founded by Ayers and run by Mike Klonsky, a former top communist activist. Klonsky was leader of the Marxist-Leninist Communist Party, which was effectively recognized by China as the all-but-official U.S. Maoist party.” Said Stanley Kurtz: “Instead of funding schools directly, [the CAC] required schools to affiliate with ‘external partners,’ which actually got the money. Proposals from Examine the economic growth,, groups focused on math/science achievement were turned down. Instead CAC disbursed money through various far-left community organizers, such as ACORN.”
Kurtz has provided the essay on the man by wells following synopsis of the CAC/Ayers agendas: The CAC's agenda flowed from of the flies questions wjec, Mr. Ayers's educational philosophy, which called for infusing students and their parents with a radical political commitment, and which downplayed achievement tests in favor of activism. Invisible Man By H.g. Wells? In the thesis sample mid-1960s, Mr. Ayers taught at a radical alternative school, and essay invisible wells, served as a community organizer in Cleveland's ghetto. Between 1995 and 1999, Obama and CAC distributed $110 million to a variety of thesis leftist education enterprises for experiments in Chicago's public schools. During his time teaching at the University of Chicago, Obama told then-colleague John Lott directly: “I don’t believe people should be able to own guns.”
Obama Endorses Ayers' Book: In December 1997 Obama wrote a blurb praising Ayers' recently published book, A Kind and Just Parent: The Children of Juvenile Court , calling it a searing and timely account of the essay man by wells juvenile court system, and the courageous individuals who rescue hope from despair. A notable attendee at the aforementioned political gatherings which Ayers and Dohrn hosted on behalf of Obama (in the literature review mid-1990s) was Democratic state senator Alice J. Palmer (of Illinois’ 13th District), who quickly developed a friendly relationship with Obama. Prior to her stint in politics, Palmer had worked for the Black Press Institute and was editor of the Black Press Review . During the Cold War, she supported the Soviet Union and spoke out against the United States. Essay H.g. Wells? In the 1980s she served as an executive board member of the U.S. Examine? Peace Council, which the FBI identified as a Communist front group (and which was an affiliate of the essay man by h.g. wells World Peace Council, an robert & patricia switzer fellowship international Soviet front). On The Man By? Palmer participated in the World Peace Council’s Prague assembly in 1983 -- just as the Examine the economic unemploymen USSR was launching its “nuclear freeze” movement, a scheme that would have frozen Soviet nuclear and military superiority in place. Obama Betrays Palmer:
But in essay man by h.g. wells, November 1995, Jesse Jackson, Jr. Russo-japanese War Research? defeated Palmer in a special election for Reynolds’ empty congressional seat. At that point, Palmer filed to retain the Democratic nomination for the state senate seat she had encouraged Obama to on the, pursue; that seat would be up for grabs in the November 1996 elections. Examine Growth, Unemploymen? She asked Obama to on the invisible man by h.g., politely withdraw from the race and offered to help him find an alternative position elsewhere. In 1995 Barack Obama sought the the economic growth, unemploymen endorsement of the so-called New Party for his 1996 state senate run. He was successful in obtaining that endorsement, and he used a number of New Party volunteers as campaign workers. Obama was involved as early as 1993, with a New Party sister organization - Progressive Chicago. This organization was formed by essay on the invisible, members of the New Party as a support group for robert & patricia switzer dissertation progressive candidates. It's main instigators included New Party members Madeline Talbott of Chicago ACORN and essay on the invisible man by, Dan Swinney, a Chicago labor unionist.
Barack Obama was probably approached to join Progressive Chicago as early April 7, 1993, as this unsigned handwritten note suggests [see image here]. According to the same note Obama was more than happy to be involved [see image here]. By September 1993 Obama was one of 17 people listed as a signatory on all Progressive Chicago letters - as shown by the second page of this September 22 Progressive Chicago letter to Joe Gardner [see image here]. University Of California Thesis? It appears beyond doubt that Barack Obama was involved, more than two years before his Illinois State Senate run, with a New Party founded, sister organization - Progressive Chicago. In a 2010 interview, Carl Davidson, a Marxist activist who helped establish the essay on the invisible New Party, recalled Obama's involvement with the New Party: A subcommittee met with [Obama] to interview him to see if his stand on essay the living wage and similar reforms was the same as ours. On The Invisible H.g. Wells? We determined that our views on these overlapped, and war research paper, we could endorse his campaign in invisible man by, the Democratic Party. Recently obtained evidence from the paper updated records of Illinois ACORN at the Wisconsin Historical Society now definitively establishes that Obama was a member of the New Party. He also signed a 'contract' promising to publicly support and essay on the invisible man by h.g., associate himself with the New Party while in office. Barack Obama, candidate for paper State Senate in the 13th Legislative District, gave a statement to the membership and answered questions. He signed the New Party 'Candidate Contract' and requested an endorsement from the New Party. He also joined the New Party.
Consistent with this, a roster of the Chicago chapter of the New Party from early 1997 lists Obama as a member, with January 11, 1996, indicated as the date he joined. Obama Calls for Collective Action; Says the Christian Right is Characterized by Intolerance and Narrow-mindedness; Blames Society for Failing to essay invisible man by, Educate Teens Who Get in ethics in business, Trouble: In a 1995 story in essay man by wells, the Chicago Reader , Obama was quoted saying: In America, we have this strong bias toward individual action. You know, we idolize the John Wayne hero who comes in to correct things with both guns blazing. But individual actions, individual dreams, are not sufficient.
We must unite in collective action, build collective institutions and organizations. The right wing talks about this but they keep appealing to Examine the economic, that old individualistic bootstrap myth: get a job, get rich, and essay on the man by, get out. Wjec? Instead of investing in our neighborhoods, that's what has always happened. Our goal must be to help people get a sense of building something larger. On The? People are hungry for community; they miss it. They are hungry for lord wjec change. The Marxist Carl Davidson and Obama's 1996 State Senate Run: Obama’s 1996 senate campaign also secured the endorsement of the Democratic Socialists of America (DSA), the largest socialist organization in the United States and the principal U.S. affiliate of the Socialist International. Obama’s affiliation with DSA was longstanding, as evidenced by man by wells, his reference, in wjec, Dreams From My Father , to the fact that during his student years at Columbia University he “went to socialist conferences at Cooper Union,” a privately funded college for the advancement of essay on the invisible h.g. science and art.
From the Examine unemploymen early 1980s until 2004, Cooper Union had served as the usual venue of the man by annual Socialist Scholars Conference. According to Trevor Loudon, guest speakers at these conferences included “members of the Communist Party USA and thesis sample, its offshoot, the Committees of on the invisible h.g. wells Correspondence, as well as Maoists, Trotsyists, black radicals, gay activists and radical feminists.” London observes that “Obama speaks of ‘ conferences ’ plural, indicating [that] his attendance was not the result of literature thesis sample accident or youthful curiosity.” So, what’s in the play? It truly is a love song to Alinsky. In the first few minutes of the play, Alinsky plays Moses yes, the Biblical Moses talking to essay on the, God. The play glorifies Alinsky stealing food from restaurants and organizing others to do the same, explaining, 'I saw it as a practical use of social ecology: you had members of the intellectual community, the of california thesis hope of the future, eating regularly for on the invisible man by h.g. wells six months, staying alive till they could make their contributions to society.' Joining Obama on the discussion panel were the following individuals: Also in 1937, Despres and his wife met with, and delivered a suitcase of russo-japanese “clothing” to, Leon Trotsky, who was then in Mexico City, hiding from Stalin’s assassins.
The Joyce Foundation: I Actually Believe in Redistribution: At an October 19, 1998 conference at Loyola University, Barack Obama said: There has been a systematic . propaganda campaign against the possibility of government action and its efficacy. And I think some of it has been deserved. The trick is, how do we structure government systems that pool resources and hence facilitate some redistribution, because I actually believe in redistribution, at essay on the invisible man by, least at a certain level, to make sure that everybody's got a shot. “to the extent that we are doing research figuring out what kinds of government action would successfully make their [the working poor's] lives better, we are then putting together a potential majority coalition to move those agendas forward”; the one good thing that comes out of [the welfare-reform bill of 1996] is that it essentially desegregates the welfare population,” merging urban blacks with “the working poor, which are the Examine the economic growth, other people; and such a coalition becomes one batch of folks . that is on the invisible, increasingly a majority population” whose policy needs would grow to review, encompass health care, job training, education, and a system where government would “provide effective child care.” The Woods Fund of Chicago and Bill Ayers: Obama also had been a board member of the Woods Fund of Chicago since 1993. In 1999 he was joined on this board by Bill Ayers, who would serve alongside Obama until the latter left the Fund in essay on the h.g. wells, December 2002. University? (In 2002 -- while Obama was still on the board -- the Woods Fund made a grant to Northwestern University Law School's Children and on the man by, Family Justice Center, where Ayers' wife, Bernardine Dohrn, was employed.) In 2000, Obama ran against former Black Panther and incumbent congressman Bobby Rush in war research, the Democratic Primary for the U.S. House of Representatives.
Rush denounced Obama as an essay invisible man by h.g. “elitist” who “wasn’t black enough,” and crushed him by thesis, nearly a two-to-one vote margin. Obama returned to the Illinois state senate for another four-year term. As noted earlier, during his state senate years Obama was a lecturer at the University of Chicago law school, where he became friendly with Rashid Khalidi, a professor in Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations. Obama and his wife were regular dinner guests at Khalidi’s Hyde Park home. On The Invisible H.g.? Khalidi and his wife Mona had founded in university thesis, 1995 the Arab American Action Network (AAAN), noted for its contention that Arab Americans face widespread discrimination in the United States, and for its view that Israel’s creation in 1948 was a catastrophe for Arab people.
In 2001 and again in 2002, the Woods Fund of Chicago, while Obama served on its board, made grants totaling $75,000 to AAAN. Shortly after Obama’s unsuccessful run for essay on the man by h.g. wells Congress in 2000, he was deeply in debt, with little cash at his disposal (his annual part-time salary as a state senator was $58,000) and a stagnant law practice that he had largely neglected during a year of political campaigning. “Even as I hope for some measure of lord of the flies peace and comfort to the bereaved families, I must also hope that we as a nation draw some measure of on the man by h.g. wisdom from this tragedy. Certain immediate lessons are clear, and we must act upon those lessons decisively. We need to step up security at our airports.
We must reexamine the effectiveness of university of california our intelligence networks. Essay H.g. Wells? And we must be resolute in identifying the perpetrators of these heinous acts and Examine growth, unemploymen, dismantling their organizations of destruction. Depicting America as a Racially and Economically Unjust Society: Obama was an essay on the man by wells outspoken opponent of the Iraq War ever since it was first discussed as a possible means of ethics unseating Saddam Hussein from power. On October 2, 2002, Obama gave an antiwar speech alongside Jesse Jackson on the very day that President Bush and essay, Congress agreed on a joint resolution authorizing the use of force against Iraq. It was with this speech that Obama first caught the attention of the American public.
Now, let me be clear I suffer no illusions about Saddam Hussein. He is a brutal man. The Economic Unemploymen? A ruthless man. Invisible? A man who butchers his own people to secure his own power. He has repeatedly defied U.N. resolutions, thwarted U.N. Ethics In Business Research? inspection teams, developed chemical and biological weapons, and coveted nuclear capacity. He's a bad guy. The world, and the Iraqi people, would be better off without him. Also in his 2002 speech, Obama said that instead of using force to depose Saddam, America should “fight” for democratic reforms in the Middle East, for stronger international nuclear safeguards, and for energy independence: “Those are the battles that we need to fight. Essay Man By H.g. Wells? Those are the battles that we willingly join the Examine unemploymen battles against ignorance and intolerance, corruption and wells, greed.
Poverty and despair.” In July 2004, Obama delivered the russo-japanese paper keynote address at the Democratic National Convention in Boston. He used the speech to introduce himself to a national audience while impugning the Bush administration and on the wells, the War in Iraq. In 2004 Obama ran for one of Illinois’ two seats in the U.S. Senate. The Chicago Tribune endorsed Obama’s campaign. More importantly, the Tribune persuaded a Democrat-appointed judge in California to open the sealed divorce records of Obama’s Republican opponent to the media. University? The resulting sex scandal, based on essay on the man by h.g. allegations in thesis, the divorce records by a Hollywood actress eager to prevent her ex-husband from getting custody of their children, prompted the Republican to essay wells, resign from the russo-japanese race. One month before the 2004 Democratic primary for the U.S. Essay On The Man By H.g.? Senate, Obama was down in the polls, about to lose to Blair Hull, a multimillionaire securities trader. But then the Chicago Tribune leaked the of california claim that Hull’s second ex-wife, Brenda Sexton, had sought an order of protection against essay man by him during their 1998 divorce proceedings.
Obama then used similar techniques to win the general election, as Human Events again explains: As luck would have it, Obama’s opponent in the general election had also been divorced! Jack Ryan was tall, handsome, Catholic and shared a name with one of Harrison Ford’s most popular onscreen characters! He went to Dartmouth, Harvard Law and Harvard Business School, made hundreds of millions of dollars as a partner at Goldman Sachs, and then, in his early 40s, left investment banking to teach at war research, an inner city school on the South Side of Chicago. With a $10 million campaign war chest from on the man by h.g. wells, contributors, and with no Republican opponent who could garner much support, Obama had an open road to become the next U.S. Senator from Illinois.
His friend and political supporter, the longtime Chicago alderwoman Dorothy Tillman, helped him win the voting in Chicago’s predominantly black wards. Of The Flies Questions Wjec? He also received valuable backing from the Jesse Jacksons, Junior and Senior, and Rev. Jackson’s Rainbow Coalition. In March 2005 Obama joined forces with the on the invisible h.g. Web-based, grassroots political network MoveOn -- which seeks to use its fundraising clout to russo-japanese, push the Democratic Party ever further to the political left -- in an effort to raise campaign money for West Virginia Senator Robert Byrd’s 2006 reelection bid. Essay On The? In a letter to MoveOn members, Obama wrote: “You and millions of others, working through MoveOn, have helped change the way politics works in this country.” In a 2005 commencement address, Obama described the conservative philosophy of government as one that promises “to give everyone one big refund on their government, divvy it up by individual portions, in the form of tax breaks, hand it out, and encourage everyone to use their share to go buy their own health care, their own retirement plan, their own child care, their own education, and so on.” “In Washington,” said Obama, “they call this the Ownership Society.
But in our past there has been another term for it, Social Darwinism, every man or woman for him or herself. It's a tempting idea, because it doesn't require much thought or ingenuity.” The fact that Obama socialized with Ayers and Dohrn contradicts the statement that Obama campaign spokesman Ben LaBolt gave the paper New York Times in 2008: 'Mr. LaBolt said the men . Essay? have not spoken by russo-japanese war research, phone or exchanged e-mail messages since Mr. Obama began serving in the United States Senate in invisible man by h.g. wells, January 2005 and last met more than a year ago when they bumped into each other on university thesis the street in Hyde Park.'
Obama Accuses the Bush Administration of man by Racism: In September 2005, Obama spoke at a town hall meeting of the Congressional Black Caucus. Ethics In Business Research Paper? Nominally devoted to the subject of “eradicating poverty,” the meeting was replete with condemnations of President George W. Bush, the Republican Party, and America’s purportedly intractable racial inequities. Obama stopped short of suggesting that the allegedly slow federal response to the victims of Hurricane Katrina (which had devastated New Orleans and the Gulf Coast earlier that month) -- especially black victims -- was motivated by racism. But he nonetheless claimed that racism was the cause of what he perceived to be the Bush administration’s lack of sensitivity to the struggles of African Americans generally: “The incompetence was colorblind.
What wasn’t colorblind was the indifference. Human efforts will always pale in comparison to nature’s forces. But [the Bush administration] is essay on the invisible man by, a set of folks who simply don’t recognize what’s happening in large parts of the country.” Blacks in hurricane-hit areas were poor, Obama further charged, because of the Bush administration’s “decision to give tax breaks to Paris Hilton instead of robert & patricia dissertation providing child care and education ” Obama Advocates Welfare State; Says Much Success Is Due to “Blind Luck”: Obama Endorses Dorothy Tillman, Proponent of Reparations and Admirer of Louis Farrakhan: In 2006 Obama endorsed the on the wells aforementioned Dorothy Tillman in the Third Ward race for the Chicago City Council.
A passionate admirer of Louis Farrakhan, Tillman was a leading proponent of reparations for slavery. Of California? Claiming that America remains “one of the cruelest nations in the world when it comes to black folks,” Tillman continues to declare that the essay on the invisible U.S. Review Thesis Sample? “owes blacks a debt.” In December of 2006, Obama, who by invisible wells, then was contemplating a run for the presidency, met in New York with billionaire financier George Soros, who previously had hosted a fundraiser for Obama during the latter’s 2004 campaign for the U.S. Senate. promoting the view that America is institutionally an thesis oppressive nation promoting the election of leftist political candidates throughout the United States opposing virtually all post-9/11 national security measures enacted by U.S. government, particularly the Patriot Act depicting American military actions as unjust, unwarranted, and immoral promoting open borders, mass immigration, and a watering down of current immigration laws promoting a dramatic expansion of social welfare programs funded by ever-escalating taxes promoting social welfare benefits and amnesty for illegal aliens defending suspected anti-American terrorists and essay man by, their abetters financing the recruitment and training of future activist leaders of the political Left advocating America’s unilateral disarmament and/or a steep reduction in its military spending opposing the lord flies questions wjec death penalty in all circumstances promoting socialized medicine in the United States promoting the essay man by h.g. wells tenets of radical environmentalism, whose ultimate goal, as writer Michael Berliner has explained, is “not clean air and flies questions wjec, clean water, [but] rather . the demolition of h.g. wells technological/industrial civilization” bringing American foreign policy under the control of the United Nations promoting racial and ethnic preferences in paper, academia and the business world alike promoting taxpayer-funded abortion-on-demand advocating stricter gun-control measures advocating the legalization of marijuana. Obama's Activities in Support of a Socialist Bidding to Be Elected President of Kenya: McCarthy says Obama undermined U.S. On The Invisible? relations with a strong antiterrorism ally in an African region where al-Qaida operates. In 2006 . Obama campaigned for a pro-communist candidate running against Nairobi's pro-American government 'in outrageous contravention of U.S. Robert Switzer? policy and, probably, federal law.'
Running for President: On January 16, 2007, Obama announced the creation of a presidential exploratory committee. Within hours after the announcement, Soros sent the senator a contribution of essay man by h.g. $2,100, the maximum amount allowable under campaign finance laws. Later that week, the university of california thesis New York Daily News reported that Soros would back Obama over Senator Hillary Clinton, whom he had supported in essay man by wells, the past. Obama’s wife Michelle quickly emerged as one of the new candidate’s most vocal campaigners. In a February 2007 appearance with her husband on the television program 60 Minutes , Mrs.
Obama implied that America’s allegedly rampant white racism posed a great physical threat to her husband. Said Mrs. Obama: “As a black man, you know, Barack can get shot going to the gas station.” In April 2007, Obama addressed the activist Al Sharpton’s National Action Network, telling an overflow crowd of russo-japanese war research listeners about his success as an Illinois lawmaker in making health insurance available to children and essay on the invisible man by wells, reducing the cost of prescription drugs for senior citizens. He also expressed his opposition to racial profiling in law enforcement, detailing how he had helped pass legislation against the practice.
In addition, he asserted that society must help ex-convicts escape an “economic death sentence” by of the flies questions, securing jobs for them when they leave prison. “Jackie Kendall, executive director of the on the h.g. Midwest Academy, was on the team that developed and sample, delivered the first Camp Obama training for volunteers aiding Obama’s campaign through the 2008 Iowa Caucuses. Hans Riemer, who served as national youth vote director for the Obama campaign, said of the camp: 'We are training them, teaching them how to wells, be effective, showing them what their role is in our strategy to win the literature thesis election We’re taking people from essay on the h.g. wells, raw enthusiasm to thesis, capable organizers.' Support from Jodie Evans of Code Pink: In February 2007, Evans co-hosted (along with her now-deceased husband Max Palevsky and the Dreamworks team of Steven Spielberg, David Geffen and Jeffrey Katzenberg) a key Obama fundraiser just weeks after he announced his presidential candidacy. Evans donated the maximum $2,300 to Obama’s campaign. In April 2007, the Obama campaign announced that Evans was one of its early fundraising bundlers.
In June 2008, Evans met with Obama at a high-priced fundraiser. In late August 2008, Evans attended the Democratic National Convention and, because of her status as a bundler, was invited to two private receptions with Obama and his running mate, Joe Biden. In September 2008, Evans attended two exclusive Hollywood fundraisers with Obama. Two weeks later, she met with Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in New York City. In October 2008, Evans worked with Code Pink’s Los Angeles chapter on a get-out-the-vote campaign in Obama's behalf.
Robert Malley and the Hamas Incident: In 2007 Obama appointed Robert Malley, the Middle East and North Africa Program Director for the International Crisis Group, as a foreign policy advisor to his campaign. Essay Invisible Man By H.g. Wells? ICG receives funding from the Open Society Institute (whose founder, George Soros, serves on war research paper the ICG Board and Executive Committee). Prior to joining ICG, Malley had served as President Bill Clinton’s Special Assistant for Arab-Israeli Affairs (1998-2001); National Security Advisor Sandy Berger’s Executive Assistant (1996-1998); and the National Security Council’s Director for essay on the man by h.g. Democracy, Human Rights, and Humanitarian Affairs (1994-1996). Examine Growth,? Malley’s father, Simon Malley, had been a key figure in the Egyptian Communist Party. Rabidly anti-Israel, Simon Malley was a confidante of the late PLO leader Yasser Arafat; an inveterate critic of essay man by “Western imperialism”; a supporter of various leftist revolutionary “liberation movements,” particularly the Palestinian cause; a beneficiary of Soviet funding; and a supporter of the 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
“Thanks to all of Examine the economic you at Planned Parenthood for all the work that you are doing for women all across the essay invisible country and for families all across the robert & patricia dissertation fellowship countryand for men, who have enough sense to realize you are helping them, all across the man by h.g. country. Planned Parenthood is the largest abortion provider in in business, the United States, with some 850 clinics across the country. It purports to offer “a wide range of on the medical and counseling services and health care education,” but its primary business is providing abortion services. In 2004 Planned Parenthood completed 138 abortions for every adoption referral it made to an outside agency. During the Examine 2004-2005 fiscal year, the organization reported 1,414 adoption referrals (one adoption for essay invisible every 180 abortions). During its 2005-2006 fiscal year, Planned Parenthood performed a record 264,943 abortions; garnered $345.1 million in clinic income; took in $212.2 million in of the wjec, donations; and received record taxpayer funding of $305.3 million. Total income reached a record $902.8 million. In August 2007, Obama appeared at the national convention of the leftist political weblog Daily Kos. Man By H.g. Wells? According to a New York Times report: Mr.
Obama, who has built his candidacy upon the mantra of literature sample change, received booming applause when he was introduced to the audience of more than 1,500. When the on the man by moderator mentioned that the senator turned 46 years old on Saturday, several of those gathered in of the, the ballroom began to serenade him with 'Happy Birthday.' In October 2007 Obama stated that, if elected, he would offer a high-level position in his administration to former Vice President Al Gore. On December 4, 2007, Obama’s campaign announced the essay on the creation of its African American Religious Leadership Committee. Among the committee's more notable members were Rev. Jeremiah Wright, Rev. Otis Moss III, and Rev. Joseph E. Lowery. From March 1972 until February 2008, Jeremiah Wright -- whom Barack Obama described as his “spiritual advisor,” his “mentor,” and “one of the greatest preachers in America” -- was the pastor of Chicago's Trinity United Church of in business Christ (TUCC), where Obama had attended services since 1988, and where he (Obama) had been a member since 1992. Said Obama of Wright: “What I value most about Pastor Wright is not his day-to-day political advice.
He’s much more of a sounding board for me to invisible wells, make sure that I am speaking as truthfully about what I believe as possible and unemploymen, that I’m not losing myself in some of the essay man by hype and hoopla and stress that’s involved in national politics.” Rev. Lord Flies Questions? Otis Moss III -- whom Obama has extolled as a “wonderful young pastor” -- served as assistant pastor of TUCC from 2006-2008 and then succeeded Jeremiah Wright as pastor when the latter retired. In one notable sermon, Moss likened the condition of contemporary black Americans to that of the on the man by hapless lepers referenced in & patricia, biblical stories. He further implied that whites -- who, in invisible man by wells, his estimation, continue to subjugate blacks both socially and economically -- are the “enemy” of African Americans. “Our society creates thugs,” Moss added. “Children are not born thugs. Thugs are made and not born.”
Rev. Joseph Lowery is a prominent figure in & patricia fellowship, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Viewing the on the invisible man by United States as a nation that is university thesis, “not committed to serious efforts to essay on the man by h.g. wells, address the issue of racism,” he has warned that “white racism is gaining respectability again,” and that “there’s a resurgence of racism at almost every level of life.” Lowery has expressed contempt for Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas, specifically because the the economic black conservative Thomas opposes the man by wells use of affirmative action (i.e., race preferences) in lord of the flies essay questions wjec, business and academia. Says Lowery: “I have told [Thomas] I am ashamed of him, because he is invisible, becoming to the black community what Benedict Arnold was to ethics research paper, the nation he deserted; and what Judas Iscariot was to Jesus: a traitor ; and what Brutus was to Caesar: an assassin .” Another notable religious supporter of essay on the wells Barack Obama is Rev. Michael Pfleger, a white Roman Catholic priest who has been the russo-japanese paper pastor of Saint Sabina Catholic Church in Chicago since 1981. A great admirer of Louis Farrakhan and Jeremiah Wright, Pfleger views America as a nation plagued by “classism and racism,” and on the invisible man by h.g., he identifies white racism as “the number one sin in this country.” Pfleger has had a longstanding friendly relationship (since the late 1980s) with Obama and robert & patricia switzer dissertation, has played a significant role as a spiritual advisor who, Obama once said, had helped him maintain his moral compass. Yet another religious figure affiliated with Obama is Rev.
James Meeks, a Democratic member of the on the invisible man by h.g. wells Illinois state senate, where he served alongside Obama from 2002-2004 (prior to Obama’s election to the U.S. Senate). Meeks also has been the pastor of Chicago’s 22,000-member Salem Baptist Church since 1985, and he was once the executive vice president of Jesse Jackson’s Rainbow/PUSH coalition. For his 2008 presidential run, Obama formed a Black Advisory Council whose members included, most notably: (a) Marxist professor Cornel West, a longtime member of the Democratic Socialists of America and of california thesis, a great admirer of on the h.g. wells Obama’s former pastor, Rev. Jeremiah Wright; and (b) Harvard law professor Charles Ogletree, a reparations-for-slavery proponent who has advised Obama on such matters as criminal-justice reform. Obama Clearly Articulates His Desire to russo-japanese paper, Remake the World and Change This Country: After Obama's victory in the Iowa Caucus, longtime Communist Party USA supporter Frank Chapman -- who had previously chaired the essay National Alliance Against Racist Political Oppression and served as a board member of the U.S. Peace Council, both Communist Party fronts -- wrote a letter that was published in the January 12, 2008 edition of the Examine unemploymen CPUSA publication, Peoples Weekly World : Now, beyond all the optimism I was capable of mustering, Mr. Obama won Iowa! He won in a political arena 95 percent white.
It was a resounding defeat for the manipulations of the on the man by h.g. ultra-right and their right-liberal fellow travelers. Review Thesis? Also it was a hard lesson for liberals who underestimated the political fury of the masses in these troubled times. Accusing Republicans of essay invisible man by Having Failed Minorities: During a Democratic presidential debate on January 21, 2008, Obama expressed his belief that Republican politicians had failed to provide adequate opportunities for the social and economic advancement of minorities: “I am absolutely convinced that white, black, Latino, Asian, people want to move beyond our divisions, and they want to ethics, join together in order to essay on the man by h.g. wells, create a movement for & patricia dissertation change in this country. The Republicans may have a different attitude.
The policies that they have promoted have not been good at providing ladders for upward mobility and essay on the man by h.g., opportunity for all people.” Tony Rezko, the Federally Indicted Real-Estate Developer: Also in January 2008, Obama’s relationship with a federally indicted real estate developer came to light when rival candidate Hillary Clinton said, during a South Carolina Democratic Party presidential debate: “I was fighting against [Republican] ideas when you were practicing law and representing your contributor, Rezko, in his slum landlord business in inner city Chicago.” Clinton’s reference was to Tony Rezko, a Syrian-born, Chicago-based restaurateur and real estate developer who had been one of the russo-japanese first major financial contributors to Barack Obama’s political campaigns in the 1990s. For a full explanation of on the invisible man by h.g. wells Rezko’s relationship with Obama, see footnote number  . At a February 12, 2008 campaign stop in switzer dissertation fellowship, Wisconsin, Obama said: The politics of essay on the invisible man by h.g. hope does not mean hoping things come easy. Because nothing worthwhile in this country has ever happened unless somebody somewhere stood up when it was hard, stood up when they were told, no you can't, and paper, said, yes we can.
And where better to affirm our ideals than here in Wisconsin, where a century ago the progressive movement was born. On The? It was rooted in the principle that the voices of the people can speak louder than special interests, that citizens can be connected to their government and to one another, and that all of us share a common destiny, an American Dream. On other occasions, Obama described himself as a pragmatic progressive who tries to make decisions based on what works. Praise from Louis Farrakhan: In February 2008 Louis Farrakhan called Obama “a herald of the Messiah.” “Barack has captured the youth,” said the Nation Of Islam leader, referring to review thesis, the passionate support Obama had drawn from young people in America. “And he has involved young people in a political process that they didn’t care anything about.
That’s a sign. Invisible H.g.? When the in business messiah speaks, the youth will hear. And the messiah is absolutely speaking.” In March 2008 the controversial Al Sharpton, a strong supporter of on the invisible man by Obama’s presidential candidacy, revealed publicly that he was in the habit of lord questions wjec speaking to Obama on essay on the h.g. wells a regular basis -- “two or three times a week.” Sharpton also said that he had told Obama four months earlier, “I won’t either endorse you or not endorse you. But I will tell you I can be freer not endorsing you to thesis, help you and on the, everybody else.” According to Sharpton, Obama then protested and russo-japanese war research, asked for his public support: “No, no, no. I want you to endorse.” In early 2008, MoveOn executive director Eli Pariser announced that he and his organization were endorsing Obama for U.S.
President. “We’ve learned that the key to essay invisible, achieving change in growth,, Washington without compromising core values is having a galvanized electorate to back you up,” said Pariser, “and Barack Obama has our members ‘fired up and ready to go’ on that front.” In April 2008 Ahmed Yousef, a political advisor for the terrorist group Hamas, told interviewer Aaron Klein that his (Yousef’s) organization was hopeful that Obama would win the presidential election and change America’s foreign policy vis a vis the Arab-Israeli conflict. When reporters subsequently asked Obama what he thought of the Hamas leader’s endorsement, Obama said: “My position on Hamas is indistinguishable from the position of Hillary Clinton or [Republican presidential candidate] John McCain. I said they are a terrorist organization, and essay invisible man by h.g., I've repeatedly condemned them. I’ve repeatedly said, and I mean what I say: Since they are a terrorist organization, we should not be dealing with them until they recognize Israel, renounce terrorism, and abide by previous agreements.” During an April 2008 campaign stop in San Francisco, Obama said: “You go into some of these small towns in Pennsylvania, and like a lot of small towns in the Midwest, the jobs have been gone now for 25 years, and nothing’s replaced them. And they fell through the Clinton administration and the Bush administration, and each successive administration has said that somehow these communities are gonna regenerate, and robert switzer, they have not.
And it’s not surprising then they get bitter, they cling to guns or religion or antipathy to people who aren't like them or anti-immigrant sentiment or anti-trade sentiment as a way to explain their frustrations.” Anthony Lake, Foreign Policy Advisor: In June 2008, Obama named former New Leftist Anthony Lake as one of his leading foreign policy advisors. Lake served as a special assistant for national security affairs under President Nixon in on the invisible man by, 1969-70, but soon thereafter he stepped down from that post to protest the Nixon administration’s bombing raids in Cambodia -- raids that were designed to support the war research paper existing government against the power-grabbing efforts of Pol Pot and his bloodthirsty Khmer Rouge. At a June 2008 campaign stop in Jacksonville, Florida, Obama suggested that his political opponents were trying to exploit the essay issue of race to university, undermine his candidacy. “It is going to on the man by h.g. wells, be very difficult for russo-japanese war research Republicans to run on their stewardship of the economy or their outstanding foreign policy,” he said. “We know what kind of campaign they’re going to run.
They’re going to essay on the invisible, try to make you afraid. They’re going to try to lord of the flies essay wjec, make you afraid of me. He’s young and inexperienced and he’s got a funny name. And did I mention he’s black?” Speaking at invisible man by h.g. wells, a July 2008 gathering of hundreds of minority journalists in Chicago, Obama said the ethics in business United States should acknowledge its history of poor treatment of certain ethnic groups: “There's no doubt that when it comes to our treatment of Native Americans as well as other persons of color in this country, we've got some very sad and difficult things to account for. I personally would want to see our tragic history, or the tragic elements of our history, acknowledged. I consistently believe that when it comes to whether it's Native Americans or African-American issues or reparations, the most important thing for the U.S. government to do is not just offer words, but offer deeds.” Joe Biden, Running Mate: In August 2008, Obama named Senator Joe Biden to essay on the wells, be his vice presidential running mate.
Fannie Mae . has been under increasing pressure from the Clinton Administration to expand mortgage loans among low and ethics research, moderate income people and felt pressure from stock holders to maintain its phenomenal growth in profits. In addition, banks, thrift institutions and mortgage companies have been pressing Fannie Mae to help them make more loans to so-called subprime borrowers. These borrowers whose incomes, credit ratings and savings are not good enough to qualify for essay on the invisible man by h.g. conventional loans, can only get [so-called 'subprime'] loans from finance companies that charge much higher interest rates -- anywhere from the economic growth, unemploymen, three to four percentage points higher than conventional loans. Demographic information on these borrowers is sketchy. Essay Invisible Man By H.g. Wells? But at least one study indicates that 18 percent of the loans in the subprime market went to black borrowers, compared to 5 per cent of loans in paper, the conventional loan market. In moving, even tentatively, into this new area of lending, Fannie Mae is taking on significantly more risk, which may not pose any difficulties during flush economic times. But the government-subsidized corporation may run into trouble in an economic downturn, prompting a government rescue similar to that of the savings and loan industry in the 1980's. The Editors of National Review Online explain the essay on the invisible man by connection between the foregoing policies and Barack Obama: One of the reasons so many bad mortgage loans were made in the first place is that Barack Obama’s celebrated community organizers make their careers out of forcing banks to do so. ACORN, for which Obama worked, is one of lord essay wjec many left-wing organizations that spent decades pressuring banks and bank regulators to on the wells, do more to make mortgages available to people without much in the way of income, assets, or credit. These campaigns often were couched in racially inflammatory terms.
The result was the Community Reinvestment Act. The CRA empowers the FDIC and other banking regulators to punish those banks which do not lend to the poor and minorities at in business research, the level that Obama’s fellow community organizers would like. Among other things, mergers and acquisitions can be blocked if CRA inquisitors are not satisfied that their demands which are political demands have been met. There is a name for loans made to people who do not have the credit, assets, income, or down payment to qualify for a normal mortgage: subprime. As Forbes magazine points out, Obama has been a staunch supporter of the CRA throughout his public life. In an essay on the h.g. wells October 15, 2008 presidential debate, Republican John McCain raised the issue of Obama’s ties to ACORN.
At the thesis time, ACORN was in the news for two major reasons. First, the organization was under investigation in 14 separate states for massive voter fraud. Strongly pro-Democrat, ACORN claimed to have registered 4 million new voters (most of whom were Democrats) during the essay h.g. wells preceding four years. Many tens of paper thousands of on the man by h.g. these registrations already had been found to be fraudulent -- they bore phony names, fake or nonexistent addresses, inaccurate personal information, duplicate signatures, etc. The full extent of the fraud, however, was impossible to determine. “The only involvement I’ve had with ACORN was I represented them alongside the literature review U.S. Justice Department in making Illinois implement a motor voter law that helped people get registered at DMVs. ACORN is a community organization. Apparently what they’ve done is they were paying people to go out and invisible man by h.g., register folks, and apparently some of the people who were out war research paper there didn’t really register people, they just filled out a bunch of names.
It had nothing to do with us. Essay Invisible Man By? We were not involved.” He said nothing about the years he had spent training ACORN activists; nothing about the paper laudatory statements he had made about ACORN in the recent past; and nothing about the man by $800,000+ his campaign had given to the ACORN front group Citizens' Services Inc. Questions Wjec? (an ACORN-dominated subsidiary whose headquarters were located at precisely the same address as ACORN's national headquarters in New Orleans, Louisiana) to fund his campaign's 2008 voter-registration efforts. To conceal the purpose of these payments to ACORN and Citizens' Services Inc., the Obama campaign misidentified the $800,000+ payment as money that had been spent for election services. Well, first of all my relationship with ACORN is essay on the invisible man by h.g. wells, pretty straightforward. It’s probably 13 years ago when I was still practicing law, I represented ACORN and my partner in that investigation was the US Justice department in having Illinois implement what was called the motor voter law, to make sure people could go to ethics research, DMV’s and driver license facilities to get registered. It wasn’t being implemented. That was my relationship and is my relationship to ACORN. There is an on the invisible man by h.g. wells ACORN organization in Chicago.
They’ve been active. As an elected offiical, I’ve had interactions with them. But, they’re not advising my campaign. We’ve got the best voter registration in politics right now and we don’t need ACORN’s help. Obama's statements from the aforementioned debate and interview are contradicted, however, but the words he himself had spoken in other venues.
For example, during his presidential campaign, Obama was a featured speaker at one particularly notable political event in lord flies questions, which ACORN played a prominent role -- a December 1, 2007 forum exclusively for thousands of community organizers from on the invisible h.g. wells, across the United States. He was inroduced to the crowd by war research, Deepak Bhargava, ACORN's leader of community reinvestment and essay man by wells, fair housing (and Executive Director of the Center for war research paper Community Change). In his introductory remarks, Bhargava characterized America as a society that is still deeply structured by racism and sexism. When Obama took the essay invisible h.g. wells microphone (to thunderous applause), he did not refute Bhargava's comments in any way. He was then asked, If elected President of the United States, would you agree, in your first one-hundred days, to meet with a delegation of Examine the economic growth, unemploymen representatives from these various community organizations . Obama replied: Yes, but let me even say, before I even get inaugurated, during the transition we're gonna be calling all of you in to help us shape the agenda. We're gonna be having meetings all across the country with community organizations so that you have input into the agenda for the next presidency of the United States of America. Similarly, in an interview with ACORN representatives in 2007, candidate Obama said the following: You know you've got a friend in me. And I definitely welcome ACORN's input. You don't have to essay on the man by wells, ask me about that.
I'm going to call you even if you didn't ask me. When I ran Project Vote, the voter registration drive in Illinois, ACORN was smack dab in the middle of it. Once I was elected, there wasn't a campaign that ACORN worked on down in Springfield that I wasn't right there with you. Since I have been in the United States Senate I've been always a partner with ACORN as well. I've been fighting with ACORN, along side ACORN, on literature review thesis sample issues you care about my entire career. In 2008, Obama's presidential campaign furnished the man by h.g. wells ACORN affiliate Project Vote with a list of donors who had already contributed (to the lord of the essay wjec campaign) the maximum amount of on the man by wells money permitted by law. Anita Moncrief, a former Washington, DC staffer for Project Vote, later revealed that her organization had contacted these big donors and urged them to give money to Project Vote -- money which could then be funneled directly into growth, unemploymen the Obama campaign coffers, thereby evading election-law limits on on the invisible campaign contributions. F oreign Contributions to Presidential Campaign: A Federal Election Commission (FEC) employee has reportedly been warning for months about evidence that the Obama campaign has received as much as $200 million, almost half of his total donations, in amounts less than $200. That is below the threshold for & patricia dissertation fellowship donor information [which] Mr.
Obama has chose[n] to on the invisible wells, report to the FEC -- unlike the Clinton and McCain campaigns, which have reported all donor information. In August 2008, Pamela Geller wrote, in the American Thinker , that among the flies essay questions wjec myriad foreign donations Obama had received was a $33,000 contribution from Palestinian brothers based in the Hamas-controlled Rafah refugee camp in essay invisible h.g. wells, Gaza, who had proudly declared their love for Obama. Flies Essay? The Obama campaign claimed that it had returned that money to the brother donors, but the latter said they had never received such a return. Moreover, Geller catalogued several dozen of the man by foreign cities and nations from university, which illegal contributions to the Obama campaign had originated. In many cases, the donors' names and contact information were fraudulent -- sometimes consisting of nothing more than letters arranged in random, nonsensical sequence. On October 30, 2008, Obama told a large crowd of cheering supporters: We are five days away from fundamentally transforming the United States of America. What makes Obama different is that he has also been a community organiser.
He has read left literature, including my works, and he understands what socialism is. A lot of the people working with him are, indeed, socialists with backgrounds in the Communist Party or as independent Marxists. There are a lot of people like that in Chicago who have worked with him for years. Obama’s Policy Positions and Voting Record as State Senator, U.S. Senator, and Presidential Candidate: During his eight-year career in invisible man by wells, the Illinois state senate, Barack Obama avoided making controversial votes approximately 130 times -- which, according to other Illinois state senators, is Examine growth,, much higher than average.
Rather than vote yea or nay on the legislation in essay invisible man by wells, question, Obama on those occasions simply voted present. In the Illinois state senate, this was the equivalent of a nay vote when tallying up support or opposition to a given bill. But, as David Freddoso points out: [F]or rhetorical purposes, a 'present' vote is different in Examine, that critics and journalists must discuss it differently. For example, Barack Obama did not vote against a bill to prevent pornographic book and video stores and strip clubs from setting up within 1,000 feet of schools and invisible man by wells, churches -- he just voted 'present.' Obama voted 'present' on an almost unanimously passed bill to prosecute students as adults if they fire guns on schol grounds. He voted 'present' on the partial-birth abortion ban and other contentious issues .  Obama favors racial preferences for minorities in university admissions, public employment, and state contracting. Ethics Research Paper? “I still believe in affirmative action as a means of overcoming both historic and potentially current discrimination,” said Obama in April 2008. [W]henever we define a pre-viable fetus as a person that is protected by essay on the invisible, the equal protection clause or other elements in university thesis, the Constitution, what we're really saying is, in fact, that they are persons that are entitled to the kinds of protections that would be provided to essay invisible h.g. wells, a -- a child, a nine-month-old -- child that was delivered to term.
That determination, then, essentially, if it was accepted by university, a court, would forbid abortions to take place. For that reason, I think it would probably be found unconstitutional. As David Freddoso observes, Obama's argument: implies that babies born prematurely without abortions might not be 'persons.' They might have to be 'nine months old' before they count. [O]ne might even conclude from [his words] that he actually does think they are persons. But, he argues, we cannot legally recognize them as 'persons.' Because if we do, then somewhere down the road it might threaten someone's right to an abortion. Barack Obama's actions indicate he thinks that before any other rights are granted to 'persons,' the Constitution exists to guarantee abortion rights.  Though it did not in any way conflict with, or compromise, Roe v. Essay On The Invisible Man By Wells? Wade , Obama voted against this same legislation in 2003. As chair of the Health and Human Services Committee, he blocked another attempt to bring the bill to the floor of the Illinois Senate. As I understand it, this [bill] puts the burden on the attending physician who has determined, since they were performing this procedure, that, in fact, this is a nonviable fetus; that if that fetus, or child however way you want to describe it is now outside the mother’s womb and the doctor continues to review, think that it’s nonviable but there’s, let’s say, movement or some indication that, in fact, they’re not just coming out limp and dead, that, in fact, they would then have to call a second physician to monitor and essay invisible h.g. wells, check off and make sure that this is not a live child that could be saved. But Obama knew quite well that children were being born alive and were not looked after by the abortion doctors; that in 10 to paper, 20 percent of the cases where induced labor abortion was practiced, the infants survived and invisible man by wells, were then being left, uncared for, to die; and that these facts were precisely what had prompted the legislation in the first place. In committee he took the opinion of the ACLU attorney and lord essay wjec, said that he thought that this would be something that would overturn Roe v. Wade , and on the man by h.g., he opposed it in committee, and literature, then he took a leadership role opposing this to essay invisible man by h.g., go on and be the sole senator to speak against this bill on the Senate floor, not once, but two years in a row. And he brags on his Web site now that he strategized with Planned Parenthood to defeat this bill.
He said on the Senate floor as a matter of fact that he thought that this would ultimately be considered unconstitutional, and he said that he strategized with Planned Parenthood to vote present because in literature review, Illinois a present vote is the same as a no vote. And he thought by doing this that he would lure some squeamish senators who didn't really want to vote to endorse infanticide. In 2006 Obama voted “Yes” on a Senate Budget amendment allocating $100 million to: “increas[e] funding and access to family planning services”; “fun[d] legislation that requires equitable prescription coverage for contraceptives under health plans”; and “fun[d] legislation that would create and expand teen pregnancy prevention programs and education programs concerning emergency contraceptives.”  Well, you know, I think that whether you're looking at it from a theological perspective or a scientific perspective, answering that question with specificity, you know, is above my pay grade. “Latinos have such a high dropout rate.
What you see consistently are children at essay invisible h.g., a very early age are starting school already behind. In Business Research? That’s why I’ve said that I’m going to put billions of dollars into early childhood education that makes sure that our African-American youth, Latino youth, poor youth of every race, are getting the kind of help that they need so that they know their numbers, their colors, their letters.”  Obama opposed the essay on the invisible h.g. Supreme Court’s 2007 split decision that invalidated programs in Seattle and Louisville (Kentucky) which sought to war research, maintain “diversity” in local schools by factoring race into decisions about which students could be admitted to essay, any particular school, or which students could be allowed to transfer from review sample, one school to another. Under these programs, parents were not free to send their children to the schools of their choice. Instead they were obliged to abide by on the wells, the quotas preordained by of the essay questions, bureaucrats who had never met any of the invisible children whose educational lives they sought to micromanage. Literature Review? Both the essay man by Seattle and Louisville programs were representative of similar plans in hundreds of other school districts nationwide. In 1997 Obama opposed an Illinois welfare-reform bill, proposed by Republican senator Dave Syverson, which sought to move as many people as possible off the state welfare rolls and into of the essay questions paying jobs. He tried to weaken the legislation by calling for essay man by exceptions not only to thesis sample, the requirement that welfare recipients make an effort to on the invisible wells, find employment, but also to the bill's proposed five-year limit on benefits. My commitment is to make sure that we've got universal healthcare for all Americans by the end of university of california thesis my first term as President. I would hope that we can set up a system that allows those who can go through their employer to access a federal system or a state pool of some sort. But I don't think we're going to be able to eliminate employer coverage immediately.
There's going to be, potentially, some transition process. I can envision a decade out, or 15 years out, or 20 years out. On April 3, 2007, Obama said: Let's say that I proposed a plan that moved to a single payer system. Let's say Medicare Plus. It'd be essentially everybody can buy into Medicare for example. Transitioning a system is a very difficult and costly and invisible wells, lengthy enterprise. It's not like you can turn on university of california a switch and you go from one system to invisible h.g., another. So it's possible that upfront you would need not just, I mean, you might need an war research additional $90 or $100 billion a year. On August 4, 2007, Obama said: This [health care] is a two-trillion dollar part of our economy.
And it is my belief that, not just politically but also economically, it's better for us to start getting a system in place, a universal health care system signed into essay on the invisible h.g. wells law by the end of paper my first term as president, and build off that system to further, to make it more rational. By the essay invisible way, Canada did not start off immediately with a single payer system. They had a similar transition step. On November 21, 2007, Obama said he favored the implementation of a transitional system building on the existing systems that we have. He elaborated: [T]ransitional hopefully because the system currently is so, such a patchwork of Examine inefficiency that over time I would want to see Medicaid, Medicare, the children's health insurance program, SCHIP -- all those integrated more effectively. In the summer of on the invisible 2008, when asked by war research, a campaign audience about single-payer healthcare, Obama said, If I were designing a system from scratch, I would probably go ahead with a single-payer [government-run] system . my attitude is let’s build up the system we got, let’s make it more efficient, we maybe over time . decide that there are other ways for essay on the h.g. us to provide care more effectively. (Obama would sound this theme again in lord of the flies, June 2009, when he told an unreceptive American Medical Association: I'll be honest, there are countries where a single-payer system works pretty well.) “It is essay man by wells, hard to overstate the degree to which our addiction to oil undermines our future.
A large portion of the $800 million we spend on foreign oil every day goes to russo-japanese war research, some of the essay invisible man by h.g. wells world's most volatile regimes. And there are the environmental consequences. Just about lord of the flies essay questions every scientist outside the White House believes climate change is real. We cannot drill our way out of the essay man by wells problem. Instead of lord subsidizing the oil industry, we should end every single tax break the industry currently receives and essay on the man by h.g. wells, demand that 1% of the revenues from oil companies with over $1 billion in in business, quarterly profits go toward financing alternative energy research and infrastructure.” At a July 30, 2008 campaign stop in on the wells, Missouri, Obama said: “There are things that you can do individually . to save energy; making sure your tires are properly inflated, simple thing, but we could save all the oil that they’re talking about getting off [from] drilling, if everybody was just inflating their tires and getting regular tune-ups. You could actually save just as much.” To produce five gallons of ethanol from corn, one must spend the energy equivalent of roughly four galons of ethanol for farming, shipping, and university thesis, processing. Essay On The Wells? (In other words, ethanol has a 25 percent net energy yield.) . America's entire 6.5 billion gallon ethanol production created the net energy equivalent of 2.2 days' worth of russo-japanese war research American gasoline consumption.  (Emphasis in original) In exchange for that miniscule output, adds Freddoso, federal and state governments provide between $6.3 billion and $8.7 billion in on the man by h.g. wells, annual direct and indirect subsidies. When government subsidized corn ethanol production in 2007, it was like spending $9.00 to create a gallon of gasoline, and doing it 853 million times.  “When I was asked earlier about the issue of coal, you know, under my plan of a cap and trade system, electricity rates would necessarily skyrocket.
Even regardless of university what I say about whether coal is good or bad. Because I’m capping greenhouse gases, coal power plants, you know, natural gas, you name it, whatever the plants were, whatever the industry was, uh, they would have to retrofit their operations. That will cost money. They will pass that money on to consumers.” “Global warming is essay on the invisible man by h.g., real, is happening now and is the result of human activities. The number of Category 4 and 5 hurricanes has almost doubled in the last 30 years. Glaciers are melting faster; the polar ice caps are shrinking; trees are blooming earlier; oceans are becoming more acidic, threatening marine life; people are dying in heat waves; species are migrating, and eventually many will become extinct. Robert Dissertation? Scientists predict that absent major emission reductions, climate change will worsen famine and drought in some of the essay on the invisible man by h.g. poorest places in russo-japanese, the world and wreak havoc across the globe. Essay On The Invisible Man By H.g.? In the U.S., sea-level rise threatens to cause massive economic and literature thesis, ecological damage to our populated coastal areas.”  During a 2008 campaign stop in Oregon, Obama called on the United States to “lead by example” on global warming. “We can’t drive our SUVs and invisible man by wells, eat as much as we want and robert switzer fellowship, keep our homes on 72 degrees at all times . and then just expect that other countries are going to say OK,” he said. “That’s not leadership. On The? That’s not going to happen.” In 2004 Obama spoke out against the Republican-led Congress' budgets generally, and against the 2001 anti-terrorism bill known as the Patriot Act specifically, suggesting that the Act infringed upon Americans' civil liberties.
Said Obama: When you rush these budgets that are a foot high, and nobody has any idea what's in them and nobody has read them . It gets rushed through without any clear deliberation or debate, then these kind of things happen, and I think this is in some ways what happened to the Patriot Act. I mean, you remember, there was no real debate about that. It was so quick after 9/11 that it was introduced, that people felt very intimidated by the [Bush] administration. Obama voted “No” on russo-japanese war research a bill to on the invisible h.g. wells, remove the need for in business research a FISA [Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act] warrant before the government may proceed with wiretapping in terrorism-related investigations of essay wells suspects in other countries. University Of California? “Warrantless surveillance of American citizens, in defiance of FISA, is unlawful and unconstitutional,” said Obama. Essay Invisible Man By Wells?  “Why don’t we close Guantanamo and restore the right of of the flies questions wjec habeas corpus, because that’s how we lead, not with the might of our military, but the power of our ideals and the power of our values. It’s time to show the on the wells world we’re not a country that ships prisoners in university of california thesis, the dead of night to be tortured in man by h.g., far off countries.” On June 19, 2008, political analyst Dick Morris described Obama's prescription for dealing with terrorism as follows: [Obama has] urged us to go back to the era of criminal-justice prosecution of terror suspects, citing the successful efforts to imprison those who bombed the World Trade Center in 1993. [He said] 'It is my firm belief that we can crack down on threats against the United States, but we can do so within the constraints of our Constitution.
In previous terrorist attacks -- for example, the first attack against the World Trade Center, we were able to arrest those responsible, put them on trial. They are currently in U.S. prisons, incapacitated.' The War in Afghanistan and the Iraq War: In July of research paper '04 [you said]: 'I'm not privy to Senate intelligence reports. What would I have done? I don't know,' in terms of man by h.g. how you would have voted on Examine the economic growth, the war [in 2002]. In June 2006 Obama spoke out against the idea of setting a firm withdrawal date for U.S. On The Man By? troops in Iraq. Immediately after the midterm election five months later, however, Obama declared that it was vital to change our policy and to bring home all American troops. In January 2007 Obama proposed legislation calling for the withdrawal of all troops within 14 months.
“. would immediately begin to the economic growth,, pull out troops engaged in invisible, combat operations at a pace of one or two brigades every month, to be completed by the end of . He would call for a new constitutional convention in questions, Iraq, convened with the essay man by United Nations, which would not adjourn until Iraq’s leaders reach a new accord on reconciliation. He would use presidential leadership to surge our diplomacy with all of the nations of the region on behalf of of the essay questions wjec a new regional security compact. And he would take immediate steps to confront the humanitarian disaster in essay on the man by h.g. wells, Iraq, and to hold accountable any perpetrators of potential war crimes.” Claiming that the U.S. presence in Iraq was “illegal,” Obama campaigned publicly in 2007 and 2008 for Examine the economic unemploymen a speedy withdrawal of American troops from Iraq. But in a July 2008 discussion he held with Iraqi leaders in Baghdad, Obama privately tried to persuade them to delay an man by h.g. agreement on a timetable for & patricia such a withdrawal until after the November elections. According to essay on the man by wells, Iraqi Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari, “He asked why we were not prepared to delay an agreement until after the U.S. Sample? elections and the formation of essay on the invisible man by h.g. wells a new administration in Washington.
However, as an Iraqi, I prefer to have a security agreement that regulates the activities of foreign troops, rather than keeping the matter open.” “Because . Research Paper? it's pretty straightforward. By us putting $10 billion to $12 billion a month, $200 billion, that's money that could have gone into invisible h.g. wells Afghanistan. Those additional troops could have gone into Afghanistan. That money also could have been used to shore up a declining economic situation in war research, the United States. That money could have been applied to on the invisible wells, having a serious energy security plan so that we were reducing our demand on oil, which is helping to the economic unemploymen, fund the on the h.g. insurgents in many countries. So those are all factors that would be taken into consideration in flies essay wjec, my decision -- to deal with a specific tactic or strategy inside of essay invisible man by h.g. wells Iraq.” In mid-July 2008, the portions of Obama's campaign website that had emphasized his opposition to the troop surge and his statement that more troops would not change the course of the lord essay questions war, were suddenly removed. On the essay invisible wells matter of using enhanced interrogation techniques (such as waterboarding) on high-level terrorist suspects, Obama emphatically pledged to end that practice: “This means ending the in business research paper practices of shipping away prisoners in the dead of night to essay on the invisible h.g. wells, be tortured in far-off countries, of detaining thousands without charge or trial, of review thesis sample maintaining a network of secret prisons to jail people beyond the reach of law. That will be my position as president. That includes renditions.” Which passages of scripture should guide our public policy?
Should we go with Leviticus, which suggests slavery is on the invisible man by h.g., OK and that eating shellfish is an abomination? Or we could go with Deuteronomy which suggests stoning your child if he strays from the faith. Or should we just stick to Sermon on the Mount, a passage that is so radical that it's doubtful that our own Defense Department would survive its application. Obama has consistently opposed America's development of a missile defense system. Robert Switzer? In a February 2008 campaign ad, he stated: “I will cut tens of billions of dollars in wasteful spending. On The Man By? I will cut investments in unproven missile defense systems. I will not weaponize space. I will slow our development of literature future combat systems.
I will institute an independent Defense Priorities Board to ensure that the Quadrennial Defense Review is not used to justify unnecessary defense spending. On The Invisible? I will set a goal of a world without nuclear weapons. To seek that goal, I will not develop new nuclear weapons. I will seek a global ban on the production of fissile material.” Redistribution of Wealth:
You know, if you look at of the essay questions, the victories and failures of the civil-rights movement, and its litigation strategy in the court, I think where it succeeded was to vest formal rights in previously dispossessed peoples. So that I would now have the on the invisible wells right to vote, I would now be able to sit at a lunch counter and lord of the flies essay questions, order and as long as I could pay for it, I’d be okay, but the Supreme Court never entered into the issues of redistribution of on the wealth, and sort of of california more basic issues of political and economic justice in essay invisible man by, this society. A caller then asked: “The gentleman [Obama] made the point that the Warren Court wasn’t terribly radical. My question is literature, (with economic changes) my question is, is it too late for that kind of reparative work, economically, and is that the appropriate place for reparative economic work to change place?” You know, I’m not optimistic about bringing about major redistributive change through the courts. The institution just isn’t structured that way.
You start getting into essay invisible h.g. all sorts of separation of powers issues, you know, in war research, terms of the court monitoring or engaging in a process that essentially is administrative and on the invisible wells, takes a lot of dissertation time. You know, the court is just not very good at invisible man by, it, and Examine the economic growth,, politically, it’s just very hard to legitimize opinions from the essay on the invisible man by h.g. court in lord questions, that regard. In October 2008, Bill Whittle of National Review Online analyzed Obama's words (from 2001) as follows: There is essay invisible man by h.g. wells, nothing vague or ambiguous about this. Nothing. His plan would boost the top marginal [income tax] rate to flies wjec, well over 55 percentbefore the inclusion of essay invisible h.g. wells state and local taxesresulting in robert dissertation, many individuals seeing their marginal tax rate double. Essay Invisible H.g.? Senator Obama would end the Bush tax cuts and allow the top two tax rates to Examine growth, unemploymen, return to 36 and 39.6 percent. He also would allow personal exemptions and deductions to be phased out for those with income over $250,000 [and] would end the Social Security payroll tax cap for essay invisible man by h.g. those over $250,000 in lord of the wjec, earnings. (The cap is currently set at $102,000.) These individuals will then face a tax rate of wells 15.65 percent from payroll taxes and russo-japanese war research, the top income tax rate of 39.6 percent for a combined top rate of over 56 percent on each additional dollar earned. In an April 2008 Democratic primary debate, Obama was asked, by essay on the man by, journalist Charlie Gibson, a question about his proposal to nearly double the robert & patricia dissertation fellowship capital gains tax (from 15 percent to 28 percent).
Said Gibson: “ In each instance when the rate dropped [in the 1990s], revenues from the essay on the invisible man by tax increased. The government took in literature review, more money. And in the 1980s, when the [capital gains] tax was increased to 28 percent, the revenues went down. So why raise it at all, especially given the fact that 100 million people in essay on the wells, this country own stock and would be affected?” Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama’s plan to cut taxes on 95 percent of Examine growth, taxpayers would effectively increase government spending by an average of $64.8 billion a year and effectively raise income tax rates for many Americans, even on some earning $20-$50,000 per invisible year, according to paper, the non-partisan Tax Policy Center. The net result of the tax plan, according to the figures above, will be to increase by more than 25 percent the number of households that pay no taxes at all, thereby effectively increasing the essay on the h.g. wells size of the welfare state. At an October 2008 campaign appearance in robert & patricia switzer, Ohio, Obama was approached by a man named Joe Wurzelbacher (who thereafter would become widely known in the media as “Joe the plumber”).
Wurzelbacher told Obama that he was planning to purchase a business which was projected to earn in excess of $250,000 per hear, and that Obama’s tax plan, which would raise taxes (by 8.5 percent) on all small businesses earning over $250,000, would impose an unfair financial burden on him. Obama replied that the tax increase on businesses like his was justified because it would enable the government to give tax breaks to people earning considerably less than $250,000. “I think when you spread the wealth around, it’s good for essay invisible h.g. everybody,” said Obama. Earmarking refers to the commonplace congressional practice of directing federal tax dollars to in business research, local projects which are often frivolous and of extremely limited utility. In fiscal year 2008, Obama was the essay h.g. wells sole Senate sponsor of 29 earmarks whose aggregate sum was $10.7 million. Earmarks are often informal quid pro quo arrangements, where recipients show gratitude by giving money to the political official who steered the earmarks their way. Literature? For example, after Obama inserted earmarks into a 2008 defense appropriations bill, the recipients sent $16,000 in contributions to Obama's presidential campaign. In 1998 Obama proposed the creation of a study panel to examine the feasibility of having the man by h.g. government regulate and cap automobile insurance rates.
In January 2000 he spoke out in favor of price controls for prescription drugs. A year later he called for the establishment of a five-person government review board to place a cap on drug prices in Illinois. To read economist Thomas Sowell's explanation of thesis why price controls have historically failed to lower costs or improve products and services, click here. On The Invisible Man By H.g.?  In September 2005, Obama sponsored Senate Concurrent Resolution 53, which expressed the sense of literature thesis Congress that any effort to impose photo identification requirements for essay h.g. wells voting should be rejected. “I will never walk away from the 12 million undocumented immigrants who live, work, and contribute to lord of the essay questions, our country every single day. In July 2008, Obama again spoke to NCLR. Among his remarks were the following: “The theme of this [La Raza] conference is the work of your lives: strengthening America together. It's been the work of this organization for four decades --lifting up families and invisible man by h.g. wells, transforming communities across America. And for that, I honor you, I congratulate you, I thank you, and lord flies, I wish you another forty years as extraordinary as your last. The U.S.
Border Control (USBC), a nonprofit citizen's lobby dedicated to ending illegal immigration and securing America’s borders, reports that Obama’s immigration-related votes are consistent with USBC’s values only 8 percent of the time. On The Invisible Man By? By USBC’s definition, Obama’s stance on immigration qualifies him as an lord wjec “open borders” advocate. Obama voted against a bill to declare English the official language of the essay on the h.g. wells U.S. government. Under this bill, no person would be entitled to Examine, have the government communicate with him (or provide materials for him) in any language other than English. Nothing in the bill, however, prohibited the use of a language other than English.
“When we get in on the wells, a tussle, we appeal to the Founding Fathers and the Constitution’s ratifiers to give direction. Some, like Justice Scalia, conclude that the original understanding must be followed and if we obey this rule, democracy is Examine growth,, respected. Others, like Justice Breyer, insist that sometimes the original understanding can take you only so far -- that on the truly big arguments, we have to on the invisible man by h.g. wells, take context, history, and the practical outcomes of robert & patricia fellowship a decision into account. Essay On The Man By H.g.? I have to side with Justice Breyer’s view of the ethics research Constitution -- that it is not a static but rather a living document and must be read in invisible man by, the context of an ever-changing world.” When President Bush in russo-japanese, 2005 nominated John Roberts to be Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Obama stated that few Supreme Court cases involve any controversy at all, “so that both a [conservative like] Scalia and a [leftist like] Ginsburg will arrive at the same place most of the time on those 95 percent of essay on the invisible cases.” In the other 5 percent, he said, “the critical ingredient” was neither the lord of the flies questions law nor the Constitution says, but rather “what is in essay man by h.g. wells, the judge’s heart.” “[W]hen I examined Judge Roberts’ record and of the flies essay questions wjec, history of public service, it is on the invisible wells, my personal estimation that he has far more often used his formidable skills on behalf of the strong in opposition to russo-japanese, the weak. In his work in the White House and the Solicitor General’s Office, he seemed to have consistently sided with those who were dismissive of efforts to eradicate the remnants of on the h.g. racial discrimination in our political process. In these same positions, he seemed dismissive of concerns that it is harder to make it in this world and in this economy when you are a woman rather than a man.” Obama was also “deeply troubled” by “the philosophy, ideology and record” of yet another Bush nominee to the Supreme Court, Samuel Alito. “There is no indication that he [Alito] is not a man of fine character,” Obama said in a floor speech on the economic January 26, 2006. “But when you look at his record, when it comes to his understanding of the Constitution, I found that in almost every case he consistently sides on behalf of the essay on the invisible wells powerful against of california thesis the powerless.” “In contrast to essay invisible wells, his soaring campaign rhetoric about bringing America together, Obama’s Senate speeches against review thesis Roberts and Alito revealed a polarizing vision of America. Minorities, women, employees and criminal defendants were among the weak; majorities, men, employers and prosecutors were among the strong.”
In April 2007, newsman Wolf Blitzer asked Obama, Are there . Justices right now upon whom you would model [appointments to the Supreme Court]? Obama replied, Well, you know, I think actually Justice [Stephen] Breyer, Justice [Ruth Bader] Ginsburg are very sensible judges. I think that Justice [David] Souter . is a sensible judge. We need somebody who's got the heart, the empathy, to recognize what it's like to be a young teenage mom, the essay h.g. empathy to in business research, understand what it's like to essay on the invisible h.g. wells, be poor or African-American or gay or disabled or old--and that's the criterion by ethics research, which I'll be selecting my judges. I've spent my entire adult life working with SEIU. I'm not a newcomer to this. I didn't just suddenly discover SEIU. Your agenda's been my agenda in the United States Senate.
Before debating health care, I talked to [SEIU President] Andy Stern and SEIU members. Before immigration debates took place in Washington, I talked with [SEIU Executive Vice President] Eliseo Medina and essay on the man by, SEIU members. Before the EFCA [Employee Free Choice Act], I talked to SEIU. Obama supports an initiative known as the Global Poverty Act (GPA), which, if signed into law, would compel the U.S. President to robert & patricia switzer dissertation fellowship, develop “and implement” a policy to “cut extreme global poverty in essay man by h.g., half by 2015 through aid, trade, debt relief,” and other means. “With billions of people living on ethics just dollars a day around the man by world, global poverty remains one of the greatest challenges and tragedies the international community faces. It must be a priority of American foreign policy to commit to eliminating extreme poverty and literature review sample, ensuring every child has food, shelter, and clean drinking water. As we strive to wells, rebuild America’s standing in the world, this important bill will demonstrate our promise and commitment to those in the developing world. Our commitment to the global economy must extend beyond trade agreements that are more about literature review thesis increasing profits than about invisible h.g. helping workers and small farmers everywhere.” According to a February 2008 report by university of california, Accuracy in essay h.g. wells, Media editor Cliff Kincaid, the lord flies adoption of the GPA could “result in the imposition of a global tax on invisible man by h.g. wells the United States” and ethics research paper, would make levels “of U.S. foreign aid spending subservient to essay invisible h.g., the dictates of the United Nations.” Kincaid stated that the legislation would earmark some 0.7 percent of the U.S. gross national product to foreign aid, which over a 13-year period would amount to roughly $845 billion “over and above what the U.S. already spends.” During a July 2007 Democrat primary debate, Obama was asked: [W]ould you be willing to meet separately, without preconditions, during the lord of the flies questions wjec first year of your administration, with the leaders of Iran, Syria, Venezuela, Cuba and North Korea, in order to essay invisible man by wells, bridge the gap that divides our countries?
In January 2008 the ethics in business paper National Journal published its rankings of all U.S. senators -- based on how they had voted on essay invisible man by h.g. a host of foreign and domestic policy bills -- and rated Barack Obama “the most liberal Senator of 2007.” “Obama’s [foreign policy] liberal score of 92 and conservative score of 7 indicate that he was more liberal in that issue area than 92 percent of the senators and more conservative than 7 percent,” the researchers explained. In the area of domestic policy voting, the Examine unemploymen study found that “Obama voted the liberal position on 65 of the 66 key votes on which he voted [and] garnered perfect liberal scores in both the economic and on the invisible h.g. wells, social categories.” President Barack Obama: On November 4, 2008, Barack Obama was elected President of the United States. He defeated Republican opponent John McCain, capturing 364 electoral votes vs. McCain's 162. Russo-japanese War Research Paper? Obama received a total of man by h.g. wells 64,538,980 votes (52.5%), vs. McCain's 56,802,609 (46.2%).  David Horowitz and Jacob Laksin, The New Leviathan (2012), Chapter 2.  Rezko had initially met Obama in 1990, when the former was a low-income housing developer in Chicago and the latter was a Harvard Law School student. In fact, Rezko offered Obama a job with his company, Rezmar Corporation, but Obama turned it down. When Obama announced in 1995 that he was running for an Illinois Senate seat (which would be up for review sample grabs in wells, 1996), two of Tony Rezko’s companies donated a total of $2,000 to Obama’s campaign.
Over the course of the entire primary season, Rezko raised between $10,000 and $15,000 of the roughly $100,000 Obama collected overall. Obama won the November 1996 election, and ethics paper, the district he represented included 11 of Rezko's 30 low-income housing projects. Rezko served on the campaign committee for Obama’s failed congressional run against man by wells U.S. Rep. Bobby Rush in of the flies questions, 2000, raising between $50,000 and $75,000 of the estimated $600,000 Obama collected for that race. In 2001 Rezko’s Rezmar Corporation stopped making its mortgage payments on the old nursing home it had converted into apartments, and the state of invisible man by h.g. Illinois foreclosed on robert the building, which was located in on the invisible man by, Obama's Senate district. In 2003 Obama announced that he would run for an Illinois seat in the U.S. Senate which would be open the ethics in business research following year. He again named Rezko to his campaign finance committee.
It is estimated that Rezko raised some $160,000 for Obama during the Senate primary season. In November 2004 Obama was elected U.S. Senator. A few months later, he and essay invisible man by h.g., Rezko's wife, Rita, purchased adjacent pieces of property in Chicago's Kenwood neighborhood. Obama’s portion of the deal involved a mansion for which he paid $1.65 million -- $300,000 below the seller’s asking price. Meanwhile, Rezko's wife (who earned only review thesis sample $37,000 per on the invisible man by wells year and owned few assets) paid the war research full asking price -- $625,000 -- for essay on the man by h.g. wells a vacant lot adjacent to Obama’s mansion.
At this time, Mr. Rezko was being pursued by creditors seeking more than $10 million which Rezko owed on defaulted loans and failed business ventures. At least 12 lawsuits had been filed against Rezko and unemploymen, his businesses from on the, November 2002 to January 2005, including one by the G.E. Commercial Finance Corporation, which had extended more than $5 million in loans for Rezko’s 17 Papa Johns’ Pizza parlors in Detroit, Chicago and Milwaukee. Of The Flies? In November 2004, G.E. obtained a court judgment against essay invisible Mr. Rezko for the $3.5 million that it said was outstanding on its loans. Obama says he does not know why the in business Rezkos decided to on the man by h.g. wells, purchase the russo-japanese paper vacant lot at that time.
But the Rezkos’ involvement was crucial because the owners of the house and the lot had stipulated that neither property could be sold unless a deal for the other also closed on the same day. Both deals indeed closed on the same day in June 2005. At the time of the purchase, Mr. Rezko was ostensibly destitute; that is why his wife was named officially as the sole purchaser of the vacant lot. In December 2005 Obama paid Rita Rezko $104,500 for a strip that constituted one-sixth of her newly acquired lot, so that he could increase the width of his yard by on the h.g. wells, ten feet. At the time of this deal, Tony Rezko was under federal investigation on charges that he had solicited kickbacks from companies seeking state pension business under his friend, Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich, for whom Rezko reportedly had raised as much as $500,000. For more than two years before the property purchases, news articles also had raised questions about paper Mr.
Rezko’s influence over state appointments and contracts. Moreover, reports swirled that the FBI was investigating accusations of essay on the invisible h.g. a shakedown scheme in robert & patricia switzer dissertation fellowship, which Mr. Invisible Wells? Rezko had suggested appointments to a state hospital board. Obama rejects any suggestion that the Rezkos, by paying full price for the vacant lot, had enabled him to save $300,000 on his home’s purchase price and literature review thesis, were perhaps seeking political favors in return. “Frankly, I don’t think he [Mr. Rezko] was doing me a favor,” Obama has said. In October 2006, Mr. Rezko was indicted on extortion charges. According to federal prosecutors, Rezko had funneled $10,000 in kickback fees to Obama's 2004 Senate campaign. Rezko remained free on bail until January 28, 2008, when a U.S. District Judge jailed him for having disobeyed a court order to keep the essay on the h.g. wells Judge apprised of russo-japanese his (Rezko’s) financial status.
Most notably, Rezko had failed to tell the judge about essay invisible man by h.g. wells a $3.5 million loan he had received (in mid-2005) from London-based Iraqi billionaire Nadhmi Auchi -- a loan that Auchi later forgave in exchange for shares in literature review thesis, a prime slice of Chicago real estate. On The Man By? According to the Associated Press, Rezko “gave $700,000 of the [$3.5 million] to his wife [for the purchase of the vacant lot adjacent to Obama’s mansion] and used the rest to pay legal bills and funnel cash to various supporters.”  David Freddoso, The Case Against Barack Obama , p. 116.  Such an flies approach to man by h.g. wells, “pregnancy prevention” had been tried before, with disastrous results. In the 1960s, leftists in review thesis sample, politics and essay on the invisible man by h.g., academia demanded that sex education be added to public-school curricula nationwide, and that government-funded “family planning” (abortion) services be made more widely available. By 1968, almost half of all U.S. schoolspublic and university thesis, private, religious and essay h.g., secularhad instituted sex education programs for their students; these programs continued to the economic, spread widely throughout the American educational system in essay on the invisible h.g., the 1970s. “Family planning” clinics also proliferated exponentially from the mid-Sixties to the mid-Seventies. Between the late Sixties and 1978, federal expenditures for “family planning” and “population” legislation grew from $16 million annually to $279 million. Whereas in 1969 fewer than 250,000 teenagers used the of california thesis services provided by abortion clinics, by 1976 their number had risen to on the invisible man by wells, 1.2 million.
Between 1970 and 1980, the ethics in business paper pregnancy rate among 15- to 19-year-olds rose by essay, more than 40 percent. Among unmarried girls aged 15 to 17, birth rates rose 29 percent between 1970 and 1984even as the robert switzer dissertation number of abortions more than doubled during the same period.  David Freddoso, The Case Against Barack Obama , p. Essay On The Man By Wells? 203.  These rules to deter racial profiling, say critics, lead to “de-policing.” To avoid charges of racism if they question or arrest too many minority suspects, police find it easier to protect their careers by turning a blind eye and & patricia, leaving minority criminals alone.  Obama’s premise of essay on the wells a discriminatory justice system is entirely mistaken, as Manhattan Institute scholar Heather MacDonald points out: “Let’s start with the idea that cops over-arrest blacks and ignore white criminals.
In fact, the race of criminals reported by crime victims matches arrest data. As long ago as 1978, a study of university robbery and aggravated assault in eight cities found parity between the race of assailants in victim identifications and in arrestsa finding replicated many times since, across a range of crimes. No one has ever come up with a plausible argument as to why crime victims would be biased in their reports. “Moving up the enforcement chain, the campaign against on the man by h.g. the criminal-justice system next claims that prosecutors overcharge and judges oversentence blacks. In 1997, criminologists Robert Sampson and Janet Lauritsen reviewed the massive literature on charging and lord wjec, sentencing. Man By H.g. Wells? They concluded that ‘large racial differences in criminal offending,’ not racism, explained why more blacks were in war research, prison proportionately than whites and for longer terms.
A 1987 analysis of Georgia felony convictions, for example, found that blacks frequently received disproportionately lenient punishment. A 1990 study of on the invisible 11,000 California cases found that slight racial disparities in sentence length resulted from blacks’ prior records and robert & patricia fellowship, other legally relevant variables. A 1994 Justice Department survey of felony cases from the country’s 75 largest urban areas discovered that blacks actually had a lower chance of prosecution following a felony than whites did, and that they [blacks] were less likely to be found guilty at trial. Following conviction, blacks were more likely to receive prison sentences, howeveran outcome that reflected the gravity of their offenses as well as their criminal records. “Another criminologisteasily as liberal as Sampsonreached the on the invisible man by h.g. same conclusion in 1995: ‘Racial differences in patterns of offending, not racial bias by police and other officials, are the principal reason that such greater proportions of blacks than whites are arrested, prosecuted, convicted and robert, imprisoned,’ Michael Tonry wrote in Malign Neglect . The media’s favorite criminologist, Alfred Blumstein, found in 1993 that blacks were significantly underrepresented in on the invisible man by, prison for homicide compared with their presence in arrest.”  Many critics of the Court’s decision contended that it had undone the landmark Brown v. Examine The Economic Growth, Unemploymen? Board of Education ruling of 1954.
But these charges were untrue. The Brown case addressed the essay invisible h.g. wells issue of & patricia switzer dissertation fellowship mandatory racial segregation in America’s public schools, an issue which had become an international embarrassment for the United States. The case centered around a black third-grader named Linda Brown who had been denied admission to an all-white school located just a few blocks from her home in Topeka, Kansas, and was forced instead to take a bus to an all-black school in invisible man by wells, a more distant neighborhood. Literature Review? Because millions of other blacks nationwide faced the same dilemma, her case had far-reaching, monumental implications. Miss Brown’s father successfully sued the Topeka Board of Education on grounds that, contrary to a previous Supreme Court ruling in Plessy v. Man By H.g.? Ferguson (1896), segregated schools were separate but not equal and thus failed to fulfill the Fourteenth Amendment’s guarantee of equal protection under the laws. On May 17, 1954, the Court handed down a 9-0 decision which stated unequivocally: “Where a State has undertaken to provide an opportunity for an education in its public schools, such an opportunity is a right which must be made available to all on equal terms.” In other words, Brown overturned the notion that it was permissible to review thesis, use race as the basis for denying students the right to attend the schools they preferred. Like the 1964 Civil Rights Act that would become law ten years later, Brown was intended to on the invisible h.g. wells, remove barriers to integration by the economic growth,, outlawing de jure segregation, but it issued no mandate for invisible man by measures (like busing or racial quotas) to forcibly integrate America’s schools or workplaces.  Hoover Institution fellow and university thesis, Stanford University sociologist Thomas Sowell, who has studied this matter in great depth, explains that the “‘compelling’ benefits of ‘diversity’ are “as invisible as the proverbial emperor’s new clothes”; that “[n]ot only is there no hard evidence that mixing and matching black and white kids in on the invisible, school produces either educational or social benefits, there have been a number of studies of all-black schools whose educational performances equal or exceed the national average”; that “[s]ome black students -- in the economic unemploymen, fact, whole schools of them -- have performed dramatically better than other black students and invisible man by wells, exceeded the norms in white schools,” and that this phenomenon dates back as far as the growth, unemploymen late 19th century; that black students who have been bussed into white schools have seen no discernible rise in on the invisible man by h.g. wells, their standardized test scores -- “not even after decades of ethics in business research paper bussing”; and essay on the man by wells, that “[n]ot only is there no hard evidence” for the dogma “that there needs to be a ‘critical mass’ of black students in a given school or college in order for them to perform up to research paper, standard,” but that “such hard evidence as there is points in the opposite direction.
Bright black kids have benefited from being in on the invisible man by, classes with other bright kids, regardless of the other kids’ color.”  David Freddoso, The Case Against Barack Obama , p. 114.  Contrary to Obama’s claim, in review thesis sample, May 2008 it was announced that more than 31,000 scientists across the U.S. -- including more than 9,000 Ph.D.s in fields such as atmospheric science, climatology, Earth science, environment and dozens of other specialties -- had signed a petition rejecting the claim that the human production of greenhouse gases is causing global warming that damages the Earth's climate. There is no convincing scientific evidence that human release of carbon dioxide, methane, or other greenhouse gases is causing or will, in the foreseeable future, cause catastrophic heating of the Earth's atmosphere and essay invisible man by h.g., disruption of the robert & patricia switzer Earth's climate, the petition stated. Moreover, there is substantial scientific evidence that increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide produce many beneficial effects upon the natural plant and animal environments of the Earth.  Most legal scholars believe the president has inherent constitutional authority to conduct warrantless wiretaps to man by h.g., collect foreign intelligence, and no statute -- including FISA -- can reverse that. Citing a 22-year-old precedent, the Federal Intelligence Surveillance Court of Review ruled in Examine the economic, 2002 that “the president did have inherent authority to conduct warrantless searches to obtain foreign intelligence information. We take for granted that the president does have that authority and, assuming that is so, FISA could not encroach on the president’s constitutional power.” John Schmidt, President Clinton’s associate attorney general from 1994-97, wrote that NSA [National Security Agency] surveillance against h.g. wells al-Qaeda “is consistent with court decisions and with the positions of the Justice Department under prior presidents”; FISA, he explained, “did not alter the constitutional situation.” Schmidt quoted Clinton Deputy Attorney General Jamie Gorelick’s 1994 testimony before the Senate Intelligence Committee: “The Department of Justice believes, and russo-japanese, the case law supports, that the president has inherent authority to conduct warrantless physical searches for invisible man by wells foreign intelligence purposes.”  Obama and his fellow critics of military commissions accuse such tribunals of trampling on the civil rights and liberties of defendants who, the critics contend, should be entitled to all the rights and protections afforded by of california, the American criminal court system -- where the standards that govern the admissibility of evidence are considerably stricter than the essay on the invisible man by h.g. wells counterpart standards in war research paper, military tribunals. In November 2006 Congress passed the on the invisible Military Commissions Act of 2006, formally authorizing the adjudication of war crimes and terrorism cases in military courts. The Economic Unemploymen? The House of Representatives vote was 253 to 168 (Republicans voted 219 to 7 in on the invisible, favor, Democrats 160 to robert switzer dissertation fellowship, 34 against); the on the wells overall Senate margin was 65 to 34 in favor. According to the Defense Department, military tribunals, where military officers serve as the judges and university thesis, jurors, are designed to deal with offenses committed in the context of warfare including pillaging; terrorism; willfully killing or attacking civilians; taking hostages; employing poison or analogous weapons; using civilians as human shields; torture; mutilation or maiming; improperly using a flag of surrender; desecrating or abusing a dead body; rape; hijacking or hazarding a vessel or aircraft; aiding the enemy; spying; providing false testimony or perjury; soliciting others to commit offenses that are triable by military jurisprudence; and invisible h.g. wells, intending or conspiring to commit, or to aid in the commission of, such crimes.
The issue of whether it is appropriate to try someone accused of the aforementioned transgressions in a military court depends upon how one answers a single overriding question: Is terrorism a matter of war, or is in business, it a legal issue where redress should be pursued via the criminal-justice system like robbery, vandalism, or murder.  “Our government, the Supreme Court has ruled, “by thus defining lawful belligerents entitled to essay invisible man by wells, be treated as prisoners of russo-japanese war, has recognized that there is invisible man by, a class of unlawful belligerents not entitled to that privilege, including those who, though combatants, do not wear ‘fixed and distinctive emblems.’” Apart from the question of lord flies wjec whether military tribunals are a good idea philosophically, trying terrorists and war criminals in civilian rather than military courts poses a number of essay invisible h.g. wells serious problems from a practical standpoint. For one thing, the rules defining admissible and ethics in business, inadmissible evidence in each venue differ dramatically. In civilian trials, neither coerced testimony, nor confessions made in on the man by h.g., the absence of a Miranda warning, nor hearsay evidence can presented to the court; in literature, military tribunals the opposite essay on the invisible man by h.g. is true, provided that the court determines such evidence to have “probative value to a reasonable person.” Attorneys Spencer J. Crona and in business paper, Neal A. Richardson explain the profound significance of on the invisible wells this: “A relaxation of the hearsay rule might become critical in a prosecution for university thesis terrorism where it may be impossible to produce live witnesses to an event which occurred years earlier in a foreign country. For example, the indictment in the Pan Am Flight 103 case details the essay invisible alleged purchase of clothing, by Libyan intelligence agent Abdel Bassett, for placement in the suitcase with the unemploymen bomb. The clothing was used to disguise the contents of the suitcase containing the bomb, which was placed inside a radio-cassette player. On The Man By H.g.? Under the rules of evidence applicable in U.S.
District Court, the prosecution would have to produce in person the Maltese shopkeeper to identify Abdel Bassett as the man who allegedly purchased the clothing back in 1988, as opposed to producing the investigator who tracked down the shopkeeper and showed him a photograph of Abdel Bassett. Even if we assume that the shopkeeper could be located six years or more after the fact, we recognize that it is nearly impossible to literature thesis sample, secure involuntary testimony from a witness who is a citizen of a foreign country, especially one that historically has been less than sympathetic to the United States. The reach of a federal court subpoena simply does not extend to Malta.” Another exceedingly significant weakness inherent in civilian trials for terrorists is the fact that in essay on the invisible man by h.g., such proceedings, there exists a high likelihood that classified intelligence sources will be compromised. If the government wishes to present certain incriminating evidence in a civilian trial, which is open to the public, it must disclose its sources as well as the techniques it used for obtaining the information from them. This obviously would place those sources in grave danger and would quickly lead to growth, unemploymen, the non-cooperation or disappearance of many of them to say nothing of the future potential informants who would undoubtedly choose to avoid placing themselves in on the man by wells, similar peril. Moreover, the of the wjec effectiveness of on the invisible man by h.g. any publicly disclosed information-gathering techniques would thereafter be permanently compromised. By contrast, military tribunals permit incriminating evidence to be presented to the judge and jury, while being kept secret from the public as well as from the defendant and his attorney. For those who are concerned about legal precedent, it must be understood that the use of paper military tribunals for essay h.g. the adjudication of war crimes is in no way a departure from past practices. military commissions were used commonly during the Civil War. Prior to Examine growth, unemploymen, that, General George Washington employed such tribunals during the American Revolution in the late 18th century. In the era following the h.g. wells ratification of the U.S.
Constitution, military tribunals were first convened by lord flies, Major General Winfield Scott during the Mexican-American War of on the invisible h.g. wells 1846-48, to war research paper, adjudicate the man by wells alleged war crimes of American troops and flies wjec, Mexican guerrilla fighters alike. World War II also saw the use of military courts, the essay h.g. wells most famous case involving eight marines of the Third Reich (one of robert switzer fellowship whom was an American citizen named Herbert Haupt ) who rode a Nazi U-boat to the east coast of the h.g. wells United States, where, laden with explosives, they disembarked and set off toward various locations with the russo-japanese war research intent of on the invisible man by wells bombing railroads, hydroelectric plants, factories, department stores, and of the essay wjec, defense facilities across the country. The saboteurs were wearing no military uniforms or identifying emblems when they were captured, meaning that they were, in invisible, the eyes of the law (as defined by the Supreme Court in Ex parte Quirin , quoted earlier in this article), “unlawful combatants.” Refusing to grant the perpetrators civilian jury trials, President Franklin D. Roosevelt quickly created a secret military commission to hear their cases. All eight were convicted and sentenced to death, though two turncoats later had their sentences commuted to life in prison.  David Freddoso, The Case Against Barack Obama , p. 96.  Thomas Sowell, Price Controls, Capitalism (November 16, 2005). Dr. Robert & Patricia Switzer? Sowell writes: It so happens there is a history of essay on the price controls and their consequences in countries around the the economic unemploymen world, going back literally thousands of years. Invisible Man By? But most people who advocate price controls are unaware of, and uninterested in, that history .  David Freddoso, The Case Against Barack Obama, pp. 205-206.
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Travel Tour Agency Sample Business Plan. Starting your own travel tour agency but don’t know how to compile your business plan? Here’s an example of a dummy company’s business plan to get you thinking about how to create yours. The tourism industry has undergone rapid growth of unsurpassed nature over the last several decades. Essay H.g.. This has mainly been due to the advent of a ‘borderless’ world and increased information dissemination about the university majestic sceneries throughout the world, with the southern African region being no exception. We are on the brink of penetrating a lucrative market in a rapidly growing industry.
The current trend towards an increase in on the invisible man by h.g. wells the number of tourists entering the country presents an opportunity for Sephats Tours to penetrate the market. An opportunity for Sephats Tours’ success exists because the national tourism industry is growing at a rapid pace annually. Sephats Tours is poised to take advantage of robert & patricia, this growth and moderate competition in the city travel portion of the industry, with a dedicated and experienced staff, excellent networking, and effective management and marketing. Sephats Tours intends to provide travel and adventure packages to tourists primarily in the Southern region, but also the whole of Botswana. Services and products provided by Sephats will initially include pre-arranged tours, custom packages according to invisible man by h.g. clients specifications, travel consultation, and as time progresses making reservations for Examine lodging amongst other related services. Sephats Tours seeks to essay on the h.g. differentiate itself as the of california thesis premier adventure mobile operator in the greater Gaborone area. Our services will be positioned very carefully: They will be of extremely high quality, comfortable, informative and tailored to the clients needs such that they will enable individuals to essay man by wells have a greater appreciation of the natural environment and robert switzer dissertation, its intricacies. Our marketing strategy will be based mainly on ensuring customers know about essay on the h.g. wells, our existence and the service(s) we fulfill. Hence our intention is to make the right information available to the right target customers. In Business Paper. This will be done through implementing a market penetration strategy that will ensure that we are well known and respected in the tourism industry. We will ensure that our prices take into consideration peoples’ budgets, that these people appreciate the service(s), know that it exists, and how to contact us.
The marketing will convey the sense of quality in every picture, every promotion, and every publication. Our promotional strategy will involve integrating advertising, events, personal selling, public relations, direct marketing and the Internet, details of which are provided in on the invisible man by wells the marketing section of literature, this plan. It is important to recognise that we do not intend to just take individuals on sightseeing excursions, but also to essay man by ensure that they appreciate nature through informative briefings on objects’ origins. This element will assist in flies essay questions differentiating us from our competitors and contribute towards the development of a sustainable competitive advantage. Hence we need to engage the essay on the invisible man by h.g. wells right people in the right place at the right time if we are to ensure optimum growth. We intend to develop our team so that our people can grow as the company grows – a mutually beneficial relationship. We project sales to increase from more than P350,000 (Botswana Pula [P]) the first year to lord questions more than P556,500 the invisible man by wells second, and paper, P630,000 in the third year. In a nutshell, we do not just intend to market and sell our service, but to market and sell travel solutions and essay invisible h.g. wells, a total-quality environment. This will ensure we establish a reputable corporate image.
Our business strategy will revolve around the need to provide quality service to war research paper our various target customers, in the process fully satisfying their needs. This shall be undertaken through recruitment of a professional team and the provision of good quality custom-designed travel packages, catering to the client’s particular needs. With time our marketing campaign will increase the awareness of essay on the invisible h.g. wells, our services in the various market segments we shall be targeting. This is particularly so with the organisation looking at establishing a clear advantage(s) in an increasingly competitive market. We will provide clients with the opportunity to focus on their core activities whilst their transportation side needs are fully satisfied.
Marketing material shall be professionally done so as to be reflective of our intended image and reputation. We shall position ourselves as a quality commercial transportation operator that provides customer-need fulfillment, enjoyment, reliability and a good image. We intend to establish a good rapport with all the relevant stakeholders, especially hotels and travel agents. We also intend to have well-designed brochures and other promotional material that will enable clients to research paper have an understanding of the wells types of services we offer and advantages of utilising them. In addition well-done, informative brochures, fact sheets and business cards often have a triggering effect on clients contemplating utilising our services. Hence this will undoubtedly generate increased sales of our service. In summary we intend to robert & patricia switzer attain the man by h.g. following objectives: Continuously provide enjoyable quality excursions/trips on time and on budget. & Patricia Dissertation Fellowship. Develop enthusiastically satisfied customers all of the time.
Establish a market presence that assures short-term and long-term profitability, growth and success. We are fully committed to supporting growth and development in the tourism and overall economy of Botswana. Essay On The Invisible Man By. Contribute positively to our communities and ethics paper, our environment. Internally we intend to create and nurture a healthy, exuberant, respectful, and on the, enjoyable environment, in which our employees are fairly compensated and encouraged to respect the customer and robert switzer dissertation, the quality of the service we intend to provide. In addition follow-up will be mandatory so as ensure customer satisfaction and make any improvements as recommended by the customers in essay on the future. We seek fair and responsible profit, enough to keep the company financially healthy for in business paper the short and long term, and to fairly remunerate employees for the work and effort. The keys to Sephats Tours success will undoubtedly be effective market segmentation through identification of several niche markets and implementation strategies.
Along these lines the company intends to implement advertising, personal selling and direct marketing strategies to the target markets. Our personal selling marketing strategies will rotate around keeping in essay on the h.g. touch with hotels and travel agencies for major customers, and advertising for more individual customers. Of California. Hence our key success factors will include the following: Excellence in fulfilling the promise: We intend to offer completely enjoyable, comfortable and informative travel excursions that will ensure that travelers are thoroughly satisfied and on the invisible wells, appreciative at the end of their trip. Timely response to Examine the economic customers’ requests: We cannot afford to delay our clients for man by whatever reason, as this will have a negative bearing on our image and reputation, including future business. Hence we need to review thesis be continually communicating with the client, including hotels and lodges so as to essay man by h.g. wells ensure that we are constantly available to the client meeting their expectations. Literature. Solid and fruitful strategic alliances : Considering the nature of our services and our relative infancy on the market, we realise the importance of establishing and maintaining fruitful strategic alliances with various stakeholders, including hotels, lodges, and travel agencies, amongst others, so as be assured of a constant flow of customers, fulfilling their needs at every opportunity.
Marketing know-how: As a relatively new company on essay h.g. wells, the market there will be a need to aggressively market our business and the services we provide so as to be continuously at the top of our prospective clients minds. War Research Paper. This will also act as a temporary deterrent for companies contemplating entering our market. Advertising shall be undertaken on a regular basis. Sephats Tours intends to essay invisible man by h.g. provide individual and group travel to leisure clients. Services and products provided by Sephats will initially include pre-arranged tours, custom packages according to in business research paper clients specifications, travel consultation, and as time progresses making reservations for on the wells lodging amongst other related services. Sephats Tours seeks to literature review thesis sample differentiate itself as the premier adventure travel company in essay on the invisible man by h.g. wells the greater Gaborone area. As it grows it will take on people and expand into related markets and services.
It will also look for additional leverage by establishing relationships and representations with appropriate strategic allies. Sephats Tours is a Private Limited company incorporated at flies the Registrar of Companies through the essay on the foresight and vision of Mr. X and thesis, Mrs. On The Man By H.g. Wells. Y. It is a 100% wholly owned Botswana firm. Thus far the directors have contributed one hundred and sixty seven thousand pula (P167,000) to thesis purchase a Mercedes Benz mini bus currently in h.g. wells its possession and P30,000 for cash expenses. Total start-up expenses covered (including legal costs, business plan compilation, license costs and robert switzer dissertation, related expenses) come to approximately P5,000. 3. Company Locations and Facilities. At present the company offices are located at Plot Number 28338, Block 3, Belabela road opposite Gaborone Television Station, near Hill Crest Primary School. However, as time progresses the intention is to move into more accessible and essay invisible h.g., attractive offices in a prime area. This regardless of the fact that our type of business is not too dependent on office location and size.
Sephats Tours is a travel company that intends to deliver leisure travel excursions to customers. Sephats intends to guide customers in selecting a trip(s) based on literature review thesis sample, pre-defined vacation criteria. This analysis will be based on user profiles, set by the consumers, which includes preferences such as: A traveler will hence be able to select areas of man by, interest based on their preferences and subsequently identify destinations to Examine unemploymen visit. On The Invisible. The intention is to provide customers with access to exclusive travel destinations, service to fully appreciate destinations through information packages, not just sight-seeing, and access to special interest travel according to the group’s/individual’s preferences. There are presently few competitors offering services similar to ours. However considering the pace of change and literature thesis sample, current growth rate of the tourism industry luring many companies into the sector, this may be short-lived. Hence there will be a need to not only firmly establish ourselves on the market, but also strongly differentiate ourselves from these other businesses. Invisible. However on a broader scale our competition comes in the economic unemploymen several forms:
The most significant competition are hotels and travel agencies offering travel excursions to their clients. They undertake this service in order to establish a competitive advantage over their competitors. However, instead of essay invisible h.g., directly competing with them we intend to establish good working relationships in the form of strategic alliances such that we are able to offer the service for their clients and thus enabling them to thesis concentrate on their core activities whilst ensuring customers are fully satisfied. Our key advantage in this regard will be our specialty of the service and on the wells, hence wide knowledge ensuring customer satisfaction at all times as well as flexibility in providing the service. Existing hotels, lodges and war research paper, travel agencies may identify the opportunity to diversify into our intended services utilising their current client database. Naturally, existing clients will be inclined towards utilising these familiar companies due to the fact that a good relationship may have already been nurtured over the years during their business dealings.
This presents a potential challenge to us, as we need to essay on the invisible man by h.g. wells aggressively market our services and paper, expertise in the field. Existing safari operators that mainly focus on the remote environs such as Maun and Kasane are at times able to compromise, offering excursions in and around Gaborone, though very rare. Hence we intend to h.g. wells focus on this market. An analysis of competition is literature review thesis sample provided in the Market Analysis section of this plan. Sephats Tours intends to offer the essay invisible service and knowledge a discerning leisure traveler seeks whilst on in business research paper, vacation, with the invisible man by h.g. intention of seeing and appreciating the numerous sights in the area. Keeping in mind the comforts of a tourist, our fleet shall be very well maintained and switzer dissertation, designed as per customer standard and expectations. However not wanting to essay on the h.g. wells limit ourselves we intend to be open to lord of the flies special hire by churches, organisations, groups, schools and sports teams, amongst other related groups. The game reserves and lodges that we intend to be our main destinations are: Mokolodi Nature Reserve Goborone Game Reserve Gaborone Dam The Oodi and Mochudi Craft Villages Kolobeng and Thamaga Khutse Game Reserve. Below is a briefing of several places of interest and their various attractions. Mokolodi Nature Reserve: Set in a wide valley just 10 minutes drive from the city, this scenic reserve offers a well-developed network of game drives and stone and thatch chalets overlooking a water hole.
Mokolodi also offers the rare opportunity to track rhino or to walk through the bush with young elephants. These excursions offer excellent photographic opportunities. Essay On The Invisible Wells. Evening drives can include a bush braai giving visitors the chance to see the more unusual nocturnal creatures. Gaborone Game Reserve: This 550 hectare reserve provides an ideal get-away for tourists who can see a remarkable range of wildlife in the park including rhino, eland, zebra, gemsbok, wildebeest, kudu, ostrich and impala, all on well-maintained bush roads that are designed for easy access. Bird watching in the Gaborone Game Reserve is excellent, particularly along the eastern edge, bounded by Notwane River, and it typifies the incredible diversity of bird life to be found throughout the Gaborone area.
Gaborone Dam: On the south bank a remarkably rich variety of bird and wildlife can be seen, including herds of lord, impala, kudu and scuttling families of warthog. New picnic sites, which are currently under development will also provide places of interest. The Gaborone Yacht Club is the essay invisible man by h.g. wells main attraction on robert, the dam with its swimming pool, bar and wide verandah overlooking the water off a rocky koppie in essay invisible h.g. the middle of the dam which often becomes an island in the wet season. War Research. The Oodi and Mochudi Craft Villages: In Oodi the main attraction will be the essay invisible h.g. wells Lenstwe-la-Oodi weavers. In Mochudi apart from of the traditionally decorated Setswana architecture, the essay on the h.g. tourists will find the most southerly baobab trees in Botswana and traditional crafts including the Ithuteng Tin Workshop and Ikgabiseng handmade jewelery. The Phuthadikobo Museum in Mochudi will also be an war research paper attraction site. Other sites will include Matsieng Foot Point, Gemsbok National Park, Mabuasehube Game Reserve, Legaga la ga Kobokwe, Central Kgalagadi Game Reserve, Nxaii Pan and essay on the man by h.g. wells, Khama Rhino Sanctuary. Integrating the above places of interest into thesis sample our tours we intend to be offering the following tours: “Capital Crusade” – City Tour: This will be a professionally guided tour around the city centre including visits to the Main Mall, Finance Mall, National Museum, City Council Library, Gaborone Station, and House of Parliament including others. Essay Invisible Man By. These tours shall be eye opening in terms of the normal Botswana town folk life style providing knowledge and information throughout the guided tour. Included in this package will be refreshments and information folders detailing the main sites and history of Gaborone.
This tour will cover approximately 50 kilometers taking about half a day to complete. Examine Growth, Unemploymen. Cost: PX per person. “Cultural Enrichment” – Cultural Tour: This shall involve tours to the main historical and cultural sites in h.g. and around Gaborone including Mokolodi Nature Reserve, Oodi and Mochudi Craft Villages, including the literature review thesis cultural dances. Invisible H.g. Wells. This tour shall reveal the ‘Kgotla’ – cultural villages, traditional paintings and art, as well as the & patricia switzer dissertation fellowship traditional lifestyle. Essay. Obviously baobabs will make for ethics research good viewing. The tour package will include an information folder, guided tour and essay on the man by wells, refreshments. This tour will cover approximately 200 kilometers taking the whole day to complete.
Cost: PY per person. “The Essence: Past Present” – City Cultural Tour: This will be a combination of the cultural tour and city centre excursion. This will be marketed as a “total package” enabling tourists with very little time to appreciate the Botswana lifestyle, both in the present and past. This tour will invariably take the whole day and ethics paper, cover approximately 250 kilometres. Essay On The H.g. Wells. The tour package will include the information folder, guided tour, refreshments and a picnic lunch. Cost: PZ per war research paper person. At a large scale research demonstrates that tourism is undergoing a rapid growth of unsurpassed nature. Generally there is a trend towards shorter stays but increased visits, as individuals strive to experience as many cultures as possible, including seeing as many attractions as possible. Increasingly Botswana is essay h.g. being marketed as “one of the Examine growth, unemploymen few places in Africa where game sanctuaries have remained completely unspoiled. A destination that unlocks the essay invisible man by h.g. mystery of nature – an oasis in a wilderness which is an ideal escape for nature lovers. Very little of this fascinating country has seen human habitation – this is true Africa in all her remoteness and authenticity.”
With such marketing in place the research paper number of tourists entering the man by wells country is bound to increase, presenting a larger potential market for Examine the economic unemploymen ourselves. This potential market is on the wells what we seek to tap. The business will begin with a general corporate brochure establishing its position on the market. This brochure will be developed as part of the start-up expenses including the business cards and Company Profile, mainly for the large organisations that often recommend services to potential customers. Compliment slips are also intended so as to raise awareness of the company and its services. We also intend to have information pamphlets that will provide information on our various tour packages. Literature and mailings for the initial market forums will be very important. The key fulfillment and delivery will be provided by the employees of the company. The real core value will be professional expertise, provided by a combination of expertise, experience, hard work, and education (in that order). Hence we intend to ensure that the work we undertake is always thorough and relevant to the clients’ needs. We will turn to reputable companies for supplying the necessary individuals and groups for our services.
Hence the need to university of california thesis establish good relationships with our strategic allies. Sephats Tours will strive to ensure that it contains the essay on the man by wells latest, or extremely recent personal computer including relevant software so as to ensure that the company is continuously at literature thesis sample the forefront in our market arena. The one certainty in our industry is that technology will continue to evolve and develop, changing what we market as well as how we market it. Our aim will be to essay invisible man by h.g. be aware of the war research paper implications of this new technology and utilizing it in our existing framework where possible. However it should be noted that as we are new on man by h.g., the market it will take some time before we have in review place our own website and other multimedia presentations. With time we also intend to have the essay man by h.g. wells latest and most efficient software in essay wjec place to enable smooth operations.
In putting the company together we have attempted to offer enough services to essay on the invisible man by h.g. wells allow us to always be in demand by our customers and clients. The most important factor in paper developing future services/products is market need. Our understanding of the needs of essay invisible man by h.g., our target market segments shall be one of our competitive advantages. It is critical to our effort to develop the right new services. In the future, Sephats Tours intends to broaden its coverage by expanding into additional markets. One of the main services it aims at providing is to flies wjec become a destination management company that brings alive the essay on the invisible man by h.g. wells magnificence of this country to the traveler. This will be done by co-coordinating the traveler’s entire experience from hotel bookings, safaris and tours, greeting and porter services, and to tour packages and incentives. However in fellowship doing so we will strive to ensure that it is compatible with the existing products and essay invisible man by, company personnel. As time progresses the intention will to provide a Southern Africa tour package covering the whole of southern Africa. We are today experiencing a rapid growth in the economy of essay questions, unsurpassed nature. Essay On The H.g.. This has been brought about by, amongst other things, the relaxation of russo-japanese paper, foreign exchange policies and macroeconomic policies geared towards attracting foreign investors into the country.
The fiscal and monetary policies of the government geared towards maintaining growth with social justice have largely contributed towards this, evidenced by our economy averaging a growth rate of 7% since 1990 – very high by international standards. The current drive and emphasis by the government on diversification of the industrial base away from the essay invisible wells minerals sector presents an opportunity for Sephats Tours to make a valuable contribution towards achieving this goal. Having undertaken a thorough and comprehensive research of the market we realized that there was a need for a tourist transport company that focuses on providing leisure excursions to tourists. Though there are mobile operators currently on the market, some of whom have been in existence for a relatively long period of time, we believe that there is a market need for one that specializes on providing comfortable and enjoyable transport to tourists and visitors. This, also considering the fact that, potentially Botswana’s richest natural resource, the tourism industry is lord flies questions becoming an essay invisible man by wells increasingly important player in the economy and may in ethics in business research the long term prove even more valuable than mineral resources in earning foreign exchange. Aware of the fact that operating in such a market is largely dependent on good networking, we intend to establish networks and essay man by h.g., strategic relationships with various hotels, lodges and travel agents to ensure a steady stream of clients. However in so doing we intend to ensure that the ethics in business research paper service we provide is of extremely high quality and comfortable. Our initial overall target market share shall be 10% of the market, mainly focusing on the greater Gaborone area and southern Botswana.
We appreciate that entering such a market is not a ‘bed of roses’ and invisible, will require us establishing strong links with strategic partners as outlined previously. Hence we intend to russo-japanese war research implement an aggressive marketing strategy, well supported by on the invisible man by h.g. wells the other business functions. The above prognosis influenced our decision to enter the tourist transport industry. We will be focusing on those foreign tourists seeking leisure travel and Examine the economic growth,, excursions whilst on vacation in Botswana, with the intention of letting them see and essay on the invisible h.g. wells, appreciate the numerous attractions in our country. Though we realise that the majority of our tourists come from South Africa we shall be mainly targeting those from Europe and the Americas who often do not have transport or adequate knowledge about the country, unlike their South African counterparts who often do. Dissertation Fellowship. Hence we shall be mainly targeting those who are not that mobile but wanting to see as many sites as possible. These people often do not want to waste their money on essay invisible wells, hiring vehicles to move about by themselves, but instead want to be escorted around places of interest by a reliable source. Hence the need to professionally market ourselves and the services we provide, offering a service of uncompromised nature.
Our marketing strategy will be based mainly on making the right service(s) available to the right target customer. We will ensure that our services’ prices take into consideration organisations’ and peoples’ budgets, and that these people know that we exist, appreciate the value of our services, and how to contact us. The marketing will convey the sense of quality in every picture, every promotion, and every publication. Of The Flies Wjec. Our intension will be to h.g. target those individuals and groups looking for leisure activities and literature review sample, places to visit. We realise the need to focus our marketing message and our service offerings. We need to develop our message, communicate it, and make good on it. The decision to establish strategic alliances with several hotels, lodges and travel agencies is aimed at tapping our target market effectively and efficiently. Though the invisible h.g. tourism sector has undergone rapid growth over the last decade the vast majority entering this sector have rushed to the North where we have the Okavango Delta, Chobe National Park, and other sites as attraction points.
Very few have focused on south and central Botswana. Of The Flies Essay Wjec. With this in mind we intend to exploit the untapped market in this area so as to essay invisible man by h.g. wells provide our customers with a good service and realize our business objectives. We understand that our target markets need more than just being shown the areas of interest but also to be informed about their significance and origins. Ethics Research. Hence we don’t just intend to provide a service(s), but to provide one of unparalleled nature relative to the market. Of all the uncertainty surrounding this industry, one fact is man by certain: tourism is here to stay.
The only question is literature review sample how large the essay man by wells industry will become and whether it can sustain, if not exceed, its current growth rate. However large the market ultimately becomes, the company strongly believes that travel will be an important component of this market place. The Economic Growth,. Tourism statistics provide a reliable guide as to man by h.g. wells the size of the market. According to the latest tourism statistics total arrivals for 1998 amounted to 1,351,798 representing an increase of approximately 12.65% from the previous year. Of the total arrivals in 1998 205,146 (15.2%) were holiday/tourists whilst 319,440 (23,6%) were visitors, both groups of which constitute our target market, totaling approximately 524,586 individuals. Source: Tourism Statistics 1998 – Central Statistics Office . HOW TO DEVELOP AN ENTREPRENEURIAL MINDSET.
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Experience in Mapping SAN allocated LUNS to Virtualized VIOS Server to VIOC virtualized client and experience in creating SEA (Shared Ethernet Adapter) and VSCSI (Virtualization SCSI Adapter) mapping to VIO client. Extensive experience in system re-engineering Installation, Configuration, Maintenance, Upgrade, Disaster Recovery, Troubleshooting of on the h.g. wells AIX systems RS6000 Hardware. Experience in Building new IBM LPAR eServer Machines installing and configuring AIX from the scratch on university of california, (p650, p690 and p570, p590, p595 and p6 p570 and p7 p770, p780), and p795 using NIM installation Experience in NIM AIX installation configuring the client in essay h.g. the NIM Server and the NIM server in the NIM clients. Experience in eSeries p4 and p5, p5+, p6 and p7 hardware architect, and hardware resource architectures for new build systems. Experience in IBM latest eServer LPAR system Power5, power 5+, power 6 and 6+ p570 Type 9117 creating LPARs and experiences in LPAR resource allocation design based on the number of LPAR and DLPAR using the robert Power 5 HMC Experienced in essay on the man by creating AIX LPARS on the economic growth,, Power 7 using the latest technology of Virtual VIOS Server V2.1 and on the man by configuring NVIP HBA and 10GB SEA.on IBM p770 and p795 hardware Experience in AIX system performance and Tuning (memory, CPUs and Network) Performance using AIX tools UNIX command and other UNIX tools. Experience in installing and configuring HACMP ver 5.xx and configuring the cluster (Active/Active, Active/standby, and Active/passive Cluster) and testing the lord of the essay questions wjec failover cluster Experience in installing, update and administering IBM Websphere application, and Websphere clustering Load Balance (eLB) Experience is setting and configuring SSL on WAS environment and IHS. Experience in installing and setting up NDM IBM Websphere Network Deployment Manager and invisible h.g. administering the WAS NDM console and setting up Global security. Worked as DB2 administration and literature sample troubleshooting. Experience in Websphere administration and troubleshooting Web application Worked with Tivoli Storage Manager TSM with SAN environment and Oracle, DB2 database.
Experience in SAN Storage connectivity and troubleshooting and storage allocation working with IBM shark IBM ESS 2105 Model 800. Experience in creating SAN volume group, logical volume and SAN Files system using SAN LVM command such as mkvg4vp, extendvg4vp, Experience in essay invisible h.g. Managing the Fiber Channel adapter installing the microcode and of the flies essay wjec FC cable connection to the MCdata Fiber switch for SAN connection and troubleshooting any SAN connection. Experience in installing and Applying Latest APAR, and eFixes for AIX LPAR Systems p650, p690 and p570, p590, p595, p550, p520, p770, and invisible p780 Experience in ethics in business Servers Decommissioning procedures. Experience in DR (Disaster Recovery) Environment with DR locations and work on essay invisible h.g., systems recovery using TSM and cloning methodology. Experienced in review thesis sample managing and essay invisible man by h.g. wells updating the HMC'S for p4 and p5 managed system and upgrading HMC Codes and versions. Review. Experience in working on management system application for creating change and problem tickets for in productions servers and preparing for wells change windows to implement any changes. Experience in of the flies questions migrating clusters AIX servers with their SAN storage to different machines Experience in on the invisible h.g. Server Configuration in SAN environment with IBM Enterprise Storage Server (Type 2105). Fiber interface cards configured on UNIX Servers to attach through SAN switch. Strong Technical background in Storage, Disk Management, Logical Volume Management (LVM) and logical partitioning on RS 6000 Hardware. Russo-japanese. LPAR and DLPAR System IBM eServer Type 7038 p650, 7040 p690 and type 9117 p570, p550, p520, p595, p590, p770, and p780 Skillful in Backup utilities, Restoring, Cloning, Mirroring, and Clustering. H.g.. Experience in lord of the essay questions HACMP/ES (Enhanced scalability) And Tivoli Storage Manager Clustered System s (Using IBM 3594 Tape System and RS6000).
Worked on essay invisible man by wells, Capacity planning tools software on multiple platform, for IBM is TMA (Tivoli monitoring software) on Solaris and HP-UX VERITAS tools VxBench by VERITAS. And some on Net view on HP-UX Sharp Skill on robert dissertation fellowship, shell Scripting (Bourne, Kshell,). Experience in man by wells routine administration and monitoring tasks for TSM environment in primary and backup data centers. .Experience in thesis IBM Machine (p650, p690 andp5 machine p550, p520, p570, p590 and p595) Hardware replacement (Local hdisks, Fiber channel adapter and ether channel Network adapter)hot swap and offline replacement) installing the hardware device drivers and latest microcode. Experience in configuring etherchannel networking adapters for h.g. the primary and in business research paper backup failover adapter. Expansive hands-on experience in setting up network environment using NFS, NIS, DNS. Experience in Internet based application using MS InterDev, ASP, HTML, VBScript, DHTML, COM, DCOM, and SQL. Skillful in essay man by using Lotus Notes application.
Collaborated on client engagement strategy to Examine the economic growth, unemploymen drive entry into on the man by risk-driven project methodology, improving accuracy of project definition, sizing estimates, and yearly resource budget planning. Improved client relationships and project predictability through shared business and technical perspectives, agreed project roles, risk assessment, use cases, transparent business-aligned development efforts, and time-boxed delivery. Rapid Learner and Team Player with solid systematical troubleshooting and communication skills. State of robert switzer California Franchise Tax Board Account / EDR Project. Worked as AIX Administrator in IT infrastructure environment providing server administration, application administration and automation solutions to support business objectives. Worked with installations, configuration, upgrade and invisible man by administration of IBM pSeries Power7 hardware servers on p770 and lord essay questions p795 on on the man by h.g., various levels of AIX operating system environments (AIX V61 and AIX V71) Worked with NIM installation, setting up NIM servers and clients and defining various NIM resources like lpp_source, SPOT, mksysb, image.data, bosinst.data. Configured lpp_source and SPOT in NIM server and installed AIX on NIM clients using NIM master server Worked on user management, managed users, managed user and file system quotas, set up network printers and installed client server applications Created raw volumes and file systems on AIX for Oracle databases, which will be used as raw data file by the Oracle databases Administration and troubleshooting of HACMP clusters. University Thesis. Administration and troubleshooting Tivoli System Automation (TSA) clusters for DB2 and oracle database and essay on the wells mqm application Create standard LPAR, performing DLPAR operations to manage recourses between machines on new power 7 hardware p770 and ethics research p795 Worked on installing and configuring VIOS server and configured the NPIV HBA adapters. Worked and support Logical Volume Management(LVM) and Disk Management Configured volume groups and logical volumes, extended logical volumes for file system growth needs using Logical Volume Manager (LVM) commands Performed administrative tasks such as System Startup/shutdown, Backup strategy, User Management, Security, Network management Maintained availability, increased capacity performance of essay on the invisible man by h.g. production machines by upgrading their hardware firmware Managing cron jobs, batch processing and job scheduling.
Security, users and groups administration System and lord of the flies questions wjec backup management using mksysb and daily restore and essay man by h.g. wells backup operations Performance management and tuning of Examine growth, unemploymen AIX UNIX kernel. ENVIRONMENT: AIX (6.1, 7.1), pSeries servers, VIOS, Dual VIOS, LPARs, WPARs, DLPARs, NIM, HMC, WebSM, Korn Shells, IBM HTTP server, WebSphere, HACMP. Essay On The Invisible Wells. Tivoli System Automation TSA. Kaiser Permanente Account: As an AIX UNIX system engineers I involved in many projects and task to support the Kaiser. Permanente account involved in the following task. Member of System Design and in business research Architecture department, AIX System engineers.
Defined the Distributed Computing Environment (DCE) architecture and plan for the AIX operating system from initial stages until well into the production phase. AIX System performance; system architecture; install / configured New Build AIX 6.1 on on the invisible man by, IBM pSeries Power 6 and power 7 hardware (p570, p595, and p770) Base on a system planned build sheet. Worked with Oracle consultants providing Unix recommendation on AIX Unix, system performance, constructed procedure for cross network backups, capacity planning. Lord Essay Questions Wjec. Experience with installation, configuration, upgrade and administration of essay on the invisible IBM pSeries and Power5/Powerer6 servers on various levels of AIX operating system utilizing environment. Performed AIX 5.3 / 6.1 installation using NIM server.
Server Migration from AIX 5.2 to AIX 6.1 using server and NIM and TSM backup utility. Upgrade of AIX TL and & patricia dissertation fellowship SP to on the invisible h.g. latest level using NFS mount and alt_disk Upgrade of managed machine and devices' firmware/microcode. Supporting and managing IBM pSeries servers (P5/P6) using HMC version 6 and 7. Installation and russo-japanese war research configuration of duel Virtual I/O servers and clients. Essay On The Man By Wells. Creating and paper configuring standard LPAR assigned physical I/O. Set up and on the invisible man by h.g. configure virtual recourses ( virtual SCSI, virtual Ethernet, virtual FC) Hands on experience with Advance virtualization and power 6 partition mobility feature. Coordinating with application teams to schedule AIX maintenance on QA/DEV Participating in weekly change control meeting (QRB) to present AIX production change. Utilized IBM Maximo to work on Change Request, Service Request, Problem Management and problem tickets. Robert Switzer Dissertation Fellowship. Performed 60 hours DR exercise for Tier 1 servers environment. Provide 24*7 production support and performed weekend changes during tech window.
Performed administrative tasks such as System Startup/shutdown, Backup strategy, Printing, Documentation, User Management, Security, Network management. Essay On The Man By H.g.. Built new VIOS Servers with IOSLEVEL 2.1 on russo-japanese, the new IBM Power 7 p770 hardware (2 VIOS per 1x4 CEC p770 Frame). Built and invisible wells installed several Virtual client LPAR on the IBM power 7 p770 hardware using AIX V61 Create new Virtual HBA adapter using the new technology NPIV on the VIOS Server and mapping this virtualized HBA to the virtual client, which is seems to be like a real physical HBA assigned to the client. Created a SEA on the VIOS Server using 10GB Ethernet network adapter assigned to the VIOS server, and on the Virtual client created the virtual adapter using the VLANID of the SEA on the VIOS base on Examine, the selected VLAN network. •Ensure the on the availability, continuity, and security of data and paper information technology services in the organization. System migration from SUN Solaris Hardware Platform to essay man by wells IBM Hardware Platform with AIX V61 running on IBM Power 7 p770 on a virtualization technology using IVM and NPIV state-of-art technology, As an AIX UNIX technical engineer involved in the following task during the migration project: Participate in the economic growth, unemploymen preparing and a new IBM p770 power 7 system designs and system architecture according to the plan and application and business requirement. Essay Man By. Analyze the computer and information needs of the organization from an research operational and strategic perspective and determine immediate and long-range personnel and equipment requirements. Coordinate projects from development through implementation, working with internal and external clients, vendors, consultants, and computer specialists.
Evaluate the newest and most innovative IBM power 7 p770 technologies and determine how these can help the organizations. Built new VIOS Servers with IOSLEVEL 2.1 on the new IBM Power 7 p770 hardware (2 VIOS per essay invisible, 1x4 CEC p770 Frame). Built and installed several Virtual client LPAR on the IBM power 7 p770 hardware using AIX V61 Create new Virtual HBA adapter using the of california new technology NPIV on on the man by h.g., the VIOS Server and mapping this virtualized HBA to the virtual client, which is seems to be like a real physical HBA assigned to the client. Created a SEA on the VIOS Server using 10GB Ethernet network adapter assigned to the VIOS server, and on the Virtual client created the university of california virtual adapter using the essay on the invisible man by VLANID of the Examine the economic SEA on the VIOS base on invisible wells, the selected VLAN network. Ensure the availability, continuity, and security of data and information technology services in the organization. GDF (GDS) Account: Installing new Virtual LPAR server on IBM p595 Hardware with AIX V61L using the NIM server. Installing and configuring NIM server in a virtualization environment and setup the all virtual devices mapping Virtual devices to client, Installing and literature review sample configuring Websphere Ver61 application in essay invisible wells WAS clustering environment using the Load Balance cluster on a separate LPAR and Websphere application nodes.
Installing and configuring Websphere Network deployment Manager NDM and ethics in business deploying application to WAS nodes through the NDM server. Essay Man By H.g.. Installing and upgrading Websphere update installer V7 Installing Websphere Fix Packs Working on DB2 database server basic DB2 administration, installing DB2 software, installing DB2 Fix Pack, upgrade DB2 software. Worked on ITIM application IBM Tivoli Identity Manager, upgrade and installing the required component such as ITIM Posix adapter and TIDI. •AIX migration from AIX V53 to AIX61 using NIM Server Installing security latest APAR and patches on All AIX Servers. Update the dissertation HMC code to essay on the man by h.g. the latest level 7.7.x Update p5 and p6 p570 and p595 Frame Microcode firmware. Computer and Information Systems Managers for the AIX Unix department, plays a vital role in implementation of technology within the city of New York (DoITT). Plan, coordinate, and direct research and facilitate the computer-related activities of the NYC DoITT help determine both technical and business goals in university thesis consultation with top management and make detailed plans for the accomplishment of essay h.g. wells these goals.
Lead the AIX computer transition from an war research paper outside contracted vendor to DoITT management. Direct the work of systems analysts, computer programmers, and support specialists, and other computer-related workers DBA, WEBSPHERE Administrator. Plan and coordinate activities such as installation and upgrading of hardware and software, programming and systems design, development of computer networks, and implementation of Internet and intranet sites. As a technical engineer involved in the following task during the project transition: Involved in preparing the new system build project design and system architecture according to the plan and essay application and business requirement.
Analyze the computer and russo-japanese information needs of the organization from an essay operational and strategic perspective and switzer dissertation fellowship determine immediate and long-range personnel and equipment requirements. Coordinate projects from invisible, development through implementation, working with internal and external clients, vendors, consultants, and computer specialists. Evaluate the newest and robert dissertation fellowship most innovative technologies and determine how these can help the organizations. Ensure the availability, continuity, and security of on the man by h.g. wells data and information technology services in the organization. Lord Of The Flies Questions Wjec. Oversee a variety of essay on the invisible man by h.g. user services such as an organizations help desk, which employees can call with questions or problems. Make hardware and software upgrade recommendations based on Examine the economic unemploymen, the experience with the organizations technology need. Build multiple virtualizations LPAR on IBM pSeries p595 and p570 hardware including VIOS servers and VIO Clients. Involved in new system deployment across multiple different tiers architectures design.
Plan and design for DMZ production server from the vendor location to the NYC data center location into new hardware. And participate in the migration cutover Installed and configured several HACMP productions, staging clusters servers across 4 different tiers environments. Invisible Man By Wells. Migrating 2 different HACMP cluster to VIO clusters and update the version of the literature review thesis HACMP to 5.4. Moving and migrate all available 12 p570 LPAR From standard dedicated hardware resources DLPAR to DLPAR Virtualization enabled Frames. building on each Frame 2 VIOS servers to manage the Frame Hardware resources.(Network and Storage) Migrate all existing dedicated LPAR servers to essay on the invisible man by wells virtualized micro partitioning LPAR Build several new Virtual VIOS servers and robert & patricia switzer dissertation Virtual VIOC client Build several new Virtual VIOC client clusters with HACMP V5.3 and using IPAT IP Aliasing, 2 nodes and 3 nodes active/active active/passive with Persistent IP on each resource group. Manage and configured all new SAN storage configuration to the managed VIOS Server and mapping these Storage LUNS to the VIOC from the essay on the invisible man by wells VIOS servers. Conduct HACMP Failover testing using different type of failover testing , on oracle database clusters node and applications node. Install and configured the new NIM server for the Customer Work with oracle DBA'S on tuning and performance. Install and dissertation fellowship configuring customer application such as ESP, TSM, Tivoli monitoring agents, Dimension agents, TDPO, and SRM. Troubleshooting networks issues such as NIS, NFS, DNS, and Routing. Daily Server admin work, security, users.
Participate on on the invisible, the on call support rotation. Building New Servers Standard LPAR Using AIX ver 5.2 and 5.3 and IBM Hardware p5 systems p570 and in business paper p4 p690, to IBM Existing Customers in the ODCS department. Man By. Building New Micro portioning Virtualization VIOS Server ver 1.3 and VIOC Client with AIX 5.3 on IBM p5 Hardware p570 and p595. Building and configuring new VIOS server and new VIO Clients with boot from SAN. (Each Frames 4 VIOS server 2 managing SAN storage (primary and backup) and essay questions other 2 Managing SEA network connectivity(primary and secondary)) Lead a project of Converting 32 HACMP Cluster (64 nodes) with AIX 5.3 and essay on the invisible h.g. p5 IBM Hardware, From Dedicated LPAR to HACMP Micro partitioning Virtualization LPAR. Literature Review. Build New Proof of Concept LAB for the HACMP LPAR'S Conversions from Fixed LPAR to VIO LPAR. Manage and test the VIO Conversion Project for essay the Proof of Concept which I did perform successfully. Moving the HACMP FIXED Standard cluster LPAR to become micro partitioning virtualization HACMP LPAR.
For the First Time in IBM since Virtualization was released. Growth, Unemploymen. Prepare the Proof of on the invisible Concept documentations and procedure documents Present the Conversion Proof of Concept to the Higher Management and demonstrate the conversion procedure in front of the management. The Economic. Train staff of 15 SA's on essay invisible h.g., these conversion procedures. Work on decommissioning 75 LPAR'S for IBM Customers after the ethics in business conversion. On The H.g.. Prepare standard Server Decommission procedures. Doing Server Migration From an existing p4 LPAR to p5 LPAR using disk cloning to reduce outage time and university using NIM server using nimadm command for reducing the outage period to on the invisible h.g. wells the minimum.
Troubleshooting and daily system support to different systems with different AIX level and versions on different platform. Upgrading the current AIX LPARS From V 52ML6/8/9 to AIX Version 5.3ML4 using the alt_disk_install method to reduce the outage time. And upgraded through the NIM server. Migrating IBM pSeries Power4 hardware (650 and 690) LPAR to IBM pSeries Power5 Hardware (p570) using the mksysb image restored through TSM Server to literature NIM Server. Upgrade the IBM pSeries Hardware Firmware (microcode) to latest Firmware released.. Work on SAN Storage Configuration for the VIOS Server using the on the invisible h.g. wells MPIO SDD Device drivers. Manage Install, Configured and troubleshoot HACMP on the VIOC Virtualization Server using different Cluster Topologies, mostly Cluster with 2 nodes. Configuring, installing and ethics paper updating p4 and invisible h.g. wells p5 HMC's including adding new or moving Frames between HMC's Upgrade the p5 HMC microcode and war research HMC code level. Participate in hot pager 24/7 on essay on the wells, call rotation.
Worked as UNIX system administrator in paper the ODCS infrastructure environment, responsible building and managing different IBM customer new LPAR server with AIX UNIX O/S on eServer latest Power 5 Machine p570 and Power 4 p650 and essay on the p690 LPARS Server Worked in Building LPARs using Power 5 HMC'S and P4 HMC and remote connection to the HMC using WEBSM Application Working in building SAN volume groups and Logical Volumes and their Application File Systems Installing and configuring different application on the customer new and existing server such as WEBSHERE, WEBLOGIC, Oracle, DB2, HACMP, TSM, HTTP, LDAP C++ COMPIELER AND JAVA Application. Worked in database cluster migration with 2 TB SAN Storage from P4 p650 machine to P5 p570 with new AIX newly installed on Examine the economic, all the P570 nodes participating on the same cluster. migrate all the users ids and their home directories to the new nodes using SFTP, SCP, moved the oracles users and oracles cron job file to the new server, exports the SAN volume Group from the old p650 nodes and import them to the new p570 nodes configuring the new HACMP on the new nodes and test the failover adapter fail over, hardware failover, application failover. Worked in installing AIX in essay h.g. wells new P5 p570 and p650 LPAR systems for different IBM internal and external customer Maintaining and managing all the assigned customer servers, such as troubleshooting performance issues, adding space to file systems, swap page, adding new resources to the LPAR (CuoD) adding removing users , Participate in update the Microcode eServer Machines Frames P5 p570 , p690, and p690 to ethics in business research paper the latest Microcode release Installing the on the invisible wells new release Security APARS and eFixes to all customer Server managed by me Participate on Hotpager rotation 24/7 in call support Worked on thesis sample, Replication database server migration from old p4 p650 server to newly installed P5 p570 Server. By cloning the old system AIX mksysbimg and restore it in the new Machine using NIM installation methods, updating the AIX ML level to the required by h.g. wells, the new p570 machine and adding the p570 hardware devices driver to the mksysbimg to insure the system boots. Participate in SAN shark 2105 ESS Model 800 microcode managing SAN connectivity for the entire customer server in the target shark by deactivating and re activating all the Fibers Adapters. & Patricia Switzer Fellowship. Involve in several conference calls and meeting for planning for several projects. Essay On The Man By H.g. Wells. Working on QA all new built servers LPAR before they are turned to the customers Configuring all TSM Client on the servers and test the TSM Server connection to the client and test the backup and monitoring all daily TSM backup. Provided UNIX infrastructure, operations and in business research support for IBM RS6000 (7026-M80) servers running IBM AIX 4.3.3 performed installation, periodic maintenance update and essay on the invisible man by applied APAR fixes.
Worked as Unix Administrator in IT infrastructure environment providing Server Administration, application administration and automation solutions to support Business Objectives. Responsible for the performance and tuning of AIX systems, applying upgrade to AIX from version 4.3 to 5.1. Maintained availability, increased capacity Performance of the production machines by review, upgrading their hardware (disks, CPU, memory, IO board, cooling unit, motherboard etc) firmware. Server Maintenance is one of my duties is to ensure are all servers synchronized. Configured backup/archive polices using Tivoli Storage Manager Backup utility and essay on the h.g. mksysb images of root volume group to meet data requirement and disaster recovery readiness. Configured volume groups and logical volumes for the file system growth needs using Logical Volume Manager (LVM) commands. University Thesis. Responsible for all architecture and technologies used in essay wells Tivoli's internal and external presences. Setup and maintained NFS, NIS network, configured DNS and LDAP Server Configured Setup Sendmail 8.11 in IBM to university of california setup messaging and mail masquerading for system and application layer utilities to communicate with internal and external customers. Installed and configured Symantec ESM security tools for the intrusion detection and vulnerability management. Configured rule for system security, maintenance updates and essay man by system failure alerts. Robert Switzer Fellowship. Worked in essay man by h.g. wells the project of configuring NIS Servers (Master and Slave) and NIS clients and maintained system and custom configuration files in NIS maps.
Maintained Internet DNS environment by configuring primary and secondary Domain Name Servers and DNS clients. Perform security audits of critical corporate database and disaster recovery procedures. Performed administrative tasks such as system startup/shutdown, Backup Strategy, Printing, Documentation, User Management, Security, Network management, dumb terminals and devices carried out. IBM AIX 4.3.3, 5.1 (RS/6000) HP-UX, Solaris 2.6, Tivoli Storage Manager, Korn Shell, IS, NFS, DNS, LDAP Server, and HACMP Software. Enterprise System Management (ESM): BMC Patrol implementation.
Hardware: SUN Enterprise Server, SUN-SPARC Stations, IBM RISC/6000, Compaq Proliant. Solaris (2.x), IBM-AIX (4.2), Digital-UNIX, Windows-NT (4.0). enterprise system servers (more than 750 Server) with distributed platforms UNIX (Solaris, HP-UX, AIX, and UnixWare), NT and VMS. Design, develop and implementation the knowledge modules by ethics research paper, using PSL for Dow Jones Co. proprietary application performance monitoring (Factiva, WSJ.com, pagination, Customer Service…). BMC-Patrol Base load preparation. On The Man By H.g.. BMC-Patrol installation, Configuration and Administration. Test the product on different development environment and migration to production environment. Test and customize new knowledge modules to literature review thesis sample monitor an application specific environment and migration to production environment. Rules and escalation procedures for command center staff monitoring BMC-Patrol for mission critical application. •BMC-Patrol training for command centers staff members. IBM RISC/6000, HP/9000 D-Class (D-370) Series.
AIX (3.2, 4.x), HP-UX (10). Installation Configuration of IBM (4.2) on IBM RISC/6000, installation configuration of HP-UX (10.0) on on the invisible man by wells, HP/9000 D-370 Series System. Systems Administration: User/Group Management, Design implementation of System security policies for AIX (3.2, 4.2) HP-UX (10). University Thesis. Design implementation of systems backup recovery policies. System Disaster recovery planning. Systems Administration by man by wells, using AIX-SMIT HP-UX DAM. Configured Volume groups and university Logical Volume Manager (LVM) commands. System administration for UNIBOL programming environment on IBM RISC/6000. The project is consisting of 2 phase: Phase 1 related to the SAN (EMC Symmetrix DMX 800/1000/2000)Storage Environment: with the essay on the wells new EMC PowerPath software version 4.4.x.x released by literature thesis sample, EMC. The IT department of the Bank decide to upgrade the currently installed EMC PowerPath software version 3.x.x.x with the new release on on the man by wells, all their IBM pSeries Machine p690, p670 and p595 Running AIX version 5.1.x.x and 5.2.x.x and install the & patricia switzer dissertation fellowship latest HBA microcode Phase 2 AIX OS Migration From 5.1.x.x to 220.127.116.11.: Most of the LPAR pSeries p690 and p670 running AIX version 5.1.x.x and they bank want to migrate these LPAR to AIX 18.104.22.168 as the highest level the Bank application currently support.
The IT department management looking for migration methods to do this migration in a way that minimize the outage time or in no outage time. Worked in EMC PowerPath software upgrade from version 3.x.x.x to new released version 22.214.171.124. Upgrade all the HBA FC adapter microcode to on the h.g. wells the latest microcode released by IBM. Currently working in AIX OS migration From AIX 5.1.x.x to the highest AIX 126.96.36.199 using alt_disk_install and nimadm command to reduce the outage by creating an of the essay wjec alt_disk (alt_rootvg) and essay on the man by wells perform the migration on literature review sample, the alt_rootvg disk with the system is up and running using the NIM Server to push the migration from the NIM server to essay man by wells the Client using the nimadm command . the only outage occurring is during the system reboot From the new migrated rootvg disk for test and validation. As an AIX system administrator worked closely with the application team to support them on OS issues they may encountered. Doctorate in Computer Science. IBM eServer pSeries p5 System Administration and support for AIX V5L V5.3 and Virtualization. Sun Certified Java 2 Programmer. MCSD Microsoft Certified Solution Developer.
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Get job alerts sent to your inbox for. Hardware Engineers and essay on the man by h.g. Specialists . AIX UNIX System Engineer AIX UNIX System Architecture Engineer AIX UNIX System Administrator AIX UNIX Dept Manager System Design architect System Administrator UNIX Administrator / System Performance Monitoring Unix administrator AIX Unix System Administrator. Colorado Technical University University of Phoenix University of Pune Management Studies Promotion Institute. Master Degree : Computer System Information. Bachelor Degree : Computer Science. Select One : Marketing Management. Where can I find a Ciber Inc AIX UNIX System Engineer resume example in Elk Grove, California 95758? This is an actual resume example of a AIX UNIX System Engineer who works in the Hardware Engineers and Specialists Industry.
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